The World’s Most Powerful People – 2015

This is a sequel to the posts: The People Who Matter, and The 72 Who Rule the World. Welcome to – below is Forbes’ list of the 10 most powerful people.

First, at #10:

10. Larry Page

Lawrence “Larry” Page is an American computer scientist and internet entrepreneur who co-founded Google Inc. with Sergey Brin, and is the CEO of Google’s parent company, Alphabet Inc. As the CEO of Alphabet, he commands immense influence across the world – so much so that “Google” had become a word in the dictionary, before he handed over his position to “the search giant’s product czar,” Sundar Pichai. [From the New Oxford Dictionary of English, “google” is a verb, defined as (to) search for information about (someone or something) on the Internet using the search engine Google.]

9. Narendra Modi

For the next entry, we have the enigmatic, conservative Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, who has created a name for himself by traveling across the world, and hosting President Barack Obama and President Xi Jinping in India. He’s also commanded over 7% NGDP growth in India in the first term of his office. Oh, and he loves selfies.

8. David Cameron

David Cameron is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, holding on to his spot at 10 Downing Street, having been reelected this May. “He now presides over the country’s only conservative majority government in 23 years. The Conservative leader is fond of Twitter – he has 834,000 followers – and selfies, most famously the shot with Barack Obama and then Danish PM Helle Thorning-Schmidt during Nelson Mandela’s memorial service in 2013.”

7. Janet Yellen

“Janet Yellen made history in 2014 when she became the first female head of the Federal Reserve. The Yale and Brown educated economist has barely had a moments rest since then: She took over shortly after the central bank began unwinding its recession era bond buying program and then deftly ushered markets through six cuts that brought monthly purchases to $0 from a peak of $85 billion. Now the Fed could loosen the economic reigns further by beginning to hike interest rates as soon as December 2015 — a feat that was anticipated earlier in the year but hasn’t attempted since 2004. With so much at stake a single word from Yellen can send asset prices swinging.”

6. Bill Gates

Bill Gates

Bill Gates is the richest person alive. His net worth, as of the day of writing, is $79.4 billion. “It’s a landmark year for the world’s richest man. Bill Gates and his friend Paul Allen launched Microsoft 40 years ago with the goal of getting a computer on every person’s desk. Now, 84% of U.S. households own a computer. Fifteen years ago, Bill and Melinda Gates started their charitable foundation with the goal of reducing inequity, and have put more than $30 billion to work toward that end.”

5. Xi Jinping

Xi Jinping

Xi Jinping is the President of China. But the Chinese premier controls the government…so why’s President Jinping on this list? Because he’s the General Secretary of the Communist Party, and the Communist Party is the only party in the world’s largest-growing economy. “Xi Jinping holds all three offices required to be China’s paramount leader, becoming what some have called the most powerful Chinese ruler since Mao Zedong. Xi was quick to see the benefits of privatization-friendly reforms and further signs of fresh thinking are everywhere. He has a surprisingly assertive public profile, even allowing the state media to publish a day-in-the-life account of his workday.”

4. Pope Francis

Pope Francis

Francis I is the Bishop of Rome, “the spiritual leader to one-sixth of the world’s population — 1.2 billion souls. Pope Francis has made it his mission to transform the longstanding conservative image of the Catholic Church. The pontiff made a six-day visit to the U.S. in September, addressing Congress and the United Nations and urging actions on issues including climate change, immigration, and the persecution of Christians and other religious minorities in the Middle East.”

3. Barack Obama

Barack Obama

Barack Obama is the head of state and head of government of the United States – the most powerful person in the world’s largest economy and most powerful country. The U.S. is nigh-omnipotent, and is the sole global superpower. So why’s Obama only in place #3? “There’s no doubt that the United States remains the world’s greatest economic, cultural, diplomatic, technological and military power. But as Obama enters the final year of his presidency, it’s clear his influence is shrinking, and it’s a bigger struggle than ever to get things done. At home, his approval ratings are perpetually stuck under 50%.” And he’s outmaneuvered by our #2 in Europe, and #1 in the Middle East.

2. Angela Merkel

Angela Merkel

“German Chancellor Angela Merkel continues her reign as the most powerful woman on the planet for 10 years running. Why? She clinched a third four-year term of Europe’s most vibrant economy in December 2014, making her the longest-serving elected EU head of state. She fought off a national recession during the global economic crisis with stimulus packages and government subsidies for companies that cut hours for workers, and she is in the thick of trying to help Greece revive its economy.”

Before we go to #1, some honorable mentions…

Mario Draghi

Mario Draghi

Designation – President, European Central Bank

Li Kequiang

Li Keqiang

Designation – Premier, China

Warren Buffett

Warren Buffett

Designation – second richest person in the world; CEO, Berkshire-Hathaway

Salman bin Abdulaziz al Saud

Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud

Designation – King, Saudi Arabia; Custodian of the Holy Two Mosques

Carlos Slim Helu

Carlos Slim Helu & family

Designation – Honorary Chairman, America Movil

Now, onto #1….

1. Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Putin is the President of Russia. “Russia’s president continues to prove he’s one of the few men in the world powerful enough to do what he wants –and get away with it. International sanctions set in place after he seized Crimea and waged war-by-proxy in the Ukraine have kneecapped the Ruble and driven Russia into deepening recession, but haven’t hurt Putin one bit: In June his approval ratings reached an all-time high of 89%. In October, he bombed ISIS forces in Syria and then met face-to-face with President Assad, making the U.S. and NATO look weak in the region, and helping rebuild Russian influence abroad.”

That’s why Putin’s the most powerful person in the world.

A Critique of the Cosmological Argument

As readers may have seen from my former posts, such as What Is Nothing? and God Does Not Play Dice With the Universe, I have always been intrigued by the philosophy of science and metaphysics. I am drawn towards various philosophical worldviews, such as existential nihilism and metaphysical naturalism, both of which I support. I myself am an agnostic atheist or a non-religious person, but nonetheless, my ideologies of the universe relate to some esoteric philosophies such as that of Taoism or some portions of Hinduism.

I have been intrigued by the various contentions that defend the existence of God, such as those presented by Thomas Aquinas or more scientific defenses of the Upanishads (which don’t illustrate “God” in the traditional sense, but the Force, similar to Star Wars) by Heisenberg and Schrodinger themselves.

The Christian apologist, analytical philosopher and historical theologian Professor William Lane Craig, who is Research Professor of Philosophy at Talbot School of Theology, has a variation, or, rather, reformulation, of the famed cosmological argument (derived from cosmology) for the existence of God.

This reformulation is known as the Kalam Cosmological Argument, or KCA, and it takes a specific structure with the usage of advanced physics and scientific philosophy to defend God. The structure is:

Premise One – Everything that begins to exist has a cause. Professor Craig defends this premise as being rationally intuitive, and says without a cause, something would have to come from nothing, and this is a philosophical contradiction. It is a derivative of a proposition of Parmenidean ontology that posits, “Ex nihilo nihil fit“, literally “nothing comes from nothing.”

Premise Two – The universe begins to exist. First, if the universe did not begin to exist, that would mean it existed eternally. Craig questions the metaphysical possibility of an actual infinity versus a potential infinity. What is the difference between these? A potential infinity is the type of infinity that characterises an unending Universe or an unending list, for example the natural numbers 1,2,3,4,5,…, which go on forever. These are lists or expanses that have no end or boundary: you can never reach the end of all numbers by listing them, or the end of an unending universe by travelling in a spaceship. Aristotle was quite happy about these potential infinities, he recognised that they existed and they didn’t create any great scandal in his way of thinking about the Universe. Aristotle distinguished potential infinities from what he called actual infinities. These would be something you could measure, something local, for example the density of a solid, or the brightness of a light, or the temperature of an object, becoming infinite at a particular place or time. You would be able to encounter this infinity locally in the Universe. Aristotle banned actual infinities: he said they couldn’t exist. This was bound up with his other belief, that there couldn’t be a perfect vacuum in nature. If there could, he believed you would be able to push and accelerate an object to infinite speed because it would encounter no resistance. Craig argues against this using the Borde-Guth-Vilenkin theorem that shows the universe is expanding at a constant rate, thus must have started somewhere, thus was caused.

These two premises defend the conclusion. Craig extends the conclusion saying that, since the universe encompasses time, space, materiality and change, the cause would have to be timeless, spaceless, immaterial, changeless and extremely powerful (to be able to create the universe). There are only two possible causes thus: an abstract entity, or a disembodied, intelligent mind. Since abstracts cannot cause change in the physical world, it would have to be a powerful, timeless, spaceless, changeless, immaterial and intelligent being, which Craig concludes is God.

This post is not to “refute the existence of God” or practice such ideas. Rather, it is a fair critique of the cosmological argument, analyzing whether it is sound or not.

Let me begin.


Causality Is Not Required

Professor Craig dismisses the initial premise as, allegedly, “rationally intuitive”, while its supposed ‘rational’ derivation is actually from a phrase of Parmenidean ontology, ex nihilo nihil fit, literally ‘out of nothing comes nothing.’ The truth is, the first premise is essential to the refutation of this reformulation of the cosmological arguments for the existence of God.

Not everything requires an inherent cause to its existence. An example of this is presented in the quantum fluctuation, wherein a particle and its corresponding antiparticle, generally an electron and a positron, are formed and exist in their original form for a period shorter than Planck time, that is, ten to the negative thirty-fourth power seconds, before annihilating to create an adequate number of photons that, literally, ‘pop out’ of existence. These originate in the limited energy of the vacuum state, which is the source of all potentiality as a derivative of this example.

There are acausal explanations for the, in this case allegedly and probably uncaused, origin of the universe. For creation to occur, using Dr. Craig’s terms, ex nihilo, there has to be a series of quantum fluctuations that implies that the vacuum should have existed forever. But what, one might ask, caused the limited energy within the vacuum? The energy was, literally, uncaused.

This is possible via. the highly probable zero-energy universe hypothesis, that states that the vector ‘energy’ of attractive gravitational force and its potential energy, act as a negative form of energy to cancel out the usual scalar energy which is, supposedly, ‘positive.’ The theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking, who is the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the Cambridge University, writes, “If the total energy of the universe must always remain zero, and it costs energy to create a body, how can a whole universe be created from nothing? That is why there must be a law like gravity. Because gravity is attractive, gravitational energy is negative: One has to do work to separate a gravitationally bound system, such as the Earth and moon. This negative energy can balance the positive energy needed to create matter, but it’s not quite that simple. The negative gravitational energy of the Earth, for example, is less than a billionth of the positive energy of the matter particles the Earth is made of. A body such as a star will have more negative gravitational energy, and the smaller it is (the closer the different parts of it are to each other), the greater the negative gravitational energy will be. But before it can become greater (in magnitude) than the positive energy of the matter, the star will collapse to a black hole, and black holes have positive energy. That’s why empty space is stable. Bodies such as stars or black holes cannot just appear out of nothing. But a whole universe can.”

How is this hypothesis probable? The answer comes in the homogeneity of the distribution of energy, vector and scalar, across the known limits of the universe. Observational evidence of the cosmic microwave background thermal radiation indicates that it is also evenly, or, rather, homogeneously, spread across spacetime. Most physicists agree that the zero-energy universe hypothesis is the most likely explanation for the even distribution of energy in the universe.

The Cosmic Microwave Background Radition - From my various big bang debates.


The Universe ‘Began’ to Exist

The first supposed ‘evidence’ presented by Dr. Craig for this is the primary inflationary theory for the large-scale evolution of the universe, the Big Bang Theory, which posits that the initial inflation of the universe began with a gravitational singularity somewhere around 13.8 billion years ago. Notably, a singularity a ‘point’ in gravitational spacetime with infinite density and zero volume. The existence of singularities is proven by Einstein’s calculations of general relativity, which is justified by, among others, the perihelion precession of mercury, gravitational lensing, and gyroscopic measures of the ‘shifts’ in the orbits of satellites. The Big Bang posits that inflation began 13.8 billion years ago, and that was not, as is common misconception, the ‘origin’ of the universe.

The inflation of the universe after the Big Bang.

As mentioned, the zero-energy universe hypothesis renders causality not required, thus the universe was a particle and an antiparticle that released a vacuum fluctuation that did not ‘pop’ out of existence as its energy was cancelled out by gravitational potentiality.

What powered the Big Bang?

Dr. Craig questions the metaphysical possibility of actual infinities. Philosopher Michael Martin says the paradoxes proposed by Professor Craig do not metaphysically justify the impossibility of actual infinities, and instead merely demonstrate that actual infinities have odd properties, hardly enough to justify their impossibility.

The Hilbert’s hotel thought experiment merely says infinite added to infinite is infinite, but the addition will still take place. That isn’t paradoxical, that is, as Professor Martin accurately claimed, merely an illustration of an ‘odd’ property.

Now, we move on to the Borde-Guth-Vilenkin theorem. Dr. Craig’s interpretation of this theorem is flawed, as it relies on a more classical metaphysical assumption of time. This is a deviation from general relativity, which entails the B-theory of time, wherein time is illusory, thus such assumptions are flawed as the B-theory proposes a four-dimensionalist and eternalist view of the space-time continuum.

The gravitational singularity found at every black hole is a physical example of an actual infinite. Mathematician and physicist John D. Barrow writes, “Einstein’s theory of general relativity suggests that an expanding Universe (as we observe ours to be) started at a time in the finite past when its density was infinite — this is what we call the Big Bang. Einstein’s theory also predicts that if you fell into a black hole, and there are many black holes in our Galaxy and nearby, you would encounter an infinite density at the centre. These infinities, if they do exist, would be actual infinities.” This infinite density, as illustrated in Professor Barrow’s paper, is a gravitational singularity.

The Gravitational Wave Spectrum

If a black hole does exist, gravitational singularities most certainly do. The Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff limit allows physicists to gain observational evidence on the formation of black holes, and the eventual death of stars illustrates the physical existence of black holes, thus gravitational singularities, physical examples of the actual infinite, exist.

The Universe Has a Cause

If the zero-energy universe hypothesis is accurate in its measurements of the even distribution of thermal radiation and the vector potential energy derived from attractive gravitational force is isotropic through the universe, then it is likely that a vacuum fluctuation of energy released through the annihilation of a particle and its corresponding antiparticle released the energy necessary to allow a gravitational singularity to, literally, ‘pop’ into existence.



Recent quantum mechanics seems to override the apparently obvious premises of the Kalam Cosmological Argument. Perhaps it is sound, and there is probably a refutation of this. But thus, the critique of the cosmological argument ends. I thank you for reading patiently.



E Pluribus Unum

The cosmos has thousands of mysteries, mysteries we are only beginning to unravel. From the technologies of the CERN research lab in Geneva and the theories of quantum physics of Stephen Hawking, to the mysteries behind Pandora’s Box, and the metaphor-veiled Egyptian myths, and the motto of the world’s largest economy, “E Pluribus Unum” shall astound your beating hearts forever.

Welcome to, and this is the next post in a set of GoTejas posts exploring the existence of God. Please also see the other two posts: “God Does Not Play Dice With The Universe“, and “What Is Nothing?

Let’s go on a journey back in time, to the point when entropy began. In thermodynamics, entropy is the measure of disorder in the universe. While physicists have arrived at various theories for the destruction of the universe, there is but one sole reason for this obliteration: chaos. The most powerful force in the universe is time. And time is chaos. When chaos envelops order, the universe begins crumbling. Everything has an end; hence, the destruction must begin from the creation of the universe.

What was there in the beginning? The answer is nothing. But, “nothing” cannot exist. As explored in What Is Nothing?, gravity was present for the two universes to exist. Yet, before the two universes, what was there? The answer is a singularity.

What is a singularity? A singularity is a location in spacetime in which gravitational forces cause matter to have infinite density and zero volume; it was a focus of infinite-density, zero-volume matter. According to general relativity, a singularity acted as the focus for the Big Bang.

This “matter” was, in truth, in its expanded form: energy. The zero-density energy expanded to release innumerable photons. Photons, or light particles (formerly quanta) are the purest form of energy, that create waves of light. Gravity is darkness, photons are light.

Gravity attracts and absorbs any matter or energy, including photons. Large whorls of gravity that absorb all photons that come into contact with them are black holes. And the universe itself was merely a black hole in a process of constant recreation. According to the Schwarzchild solution this black hole was a non-rotating, uncharged black hole. It is easily explained by Stephen Hawking’s theory of a radiatory energy released from black holes; black holes releasing energy would mean they would store entropy. This proves that entropy could have even been eternal.

In Hindu mythology, Bramha, or Purusha, the creator, emerged from the cosmic egg and sacrificed himself to create the cosmos. The universe constantly expands, flowing with Bramha’s infinite energy, known as Brahman. Bramha, though, was merely one of four aspects of Brahman’s infinite energy. The second is Vishnu, the energy that holds the universe firmly, and bound the egg of creation before it cracked. Vishnu, thus, is gravity. And the destroyers, Rudra and Shakti, matter and antimatter, battle to release the supreme power of the mythical Brahman-astra. The universe ends in an antimatter-matter annihilation.

At this primeval focus of expanding energy, the photons begin to contract. With a massive flash of energy, the Big Bang released not one but two contracted forms of energy: normal matter, and antimatter. The massive annihilation that followed created entropy. Entropy is expansion and contraction at the same time. Our universe expands faster than it contracts, but the contraction races with a speed, the speed of entropy. The backward-time universe is the other way around: the contraction is faster than the expansion, and that universe is doomed to annihilation. Obliteration.

On November 7th, 2010, scientists at the headquarters of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) used the particle collider, the Large Hadron Collider, to recreate the ion collisions that occurred immediately after the Big Bang. These ion collisions created temperatures million times hotter than the sun, which were temperatures immediately after the extremely-hot to extremely-cold temperatures of the Big Bang.

In this black-hole singularity releasing energy, it could be that the focus stored entropy, and, with the creation of the universe, unleashed this disorder force to the universe. In Greek mythology, Pandora is given a jar by Zeus, famously known as Pandora’s Box, that released disorder into the universe. What if Pandora’s Box was merely an explanation for singularity?

In Egyptian mythology, the universe begins with Nu, the Sea of Chaos; entropy swept over the cosmos. According to Hesiod’s Theogony, Chaos is the chasm from which all deities rise, and the universe was born. What if this singularity, that expanded to envelop the universe, was the root source of belief in God? What if this focus of energy was, as Georges Lemaitre said in 1927, God? This, perhaps, was the One True God of various faiths. Even renowned scientific philosopher Isaac Newton called himself Jeova Sanctus Unus: One True God. What if there was one God, who lives in all of us? This God has now become all of us. What if our hearts and minds together form a superstring that holds the force of God? What if we constantly, without our knowledge, witness Harmonic Convergences?

Only God shall know.

E Pluribus Unum.

Out of Many, One.

What is Nothing?

Who really knows, and who can swear;

How creation came, when, or where?

Even gods came after creation’s day,

None really knows, none can truly say;

Only you, O lord, know, maybe,

Or, perhaps, not even thee.

— Rig Veda, 10:129-6

Our cosmos is a complex one. Sextillions of stars, thousands of galaxies, perhaps even more universes … And humans are only beginning to crack the infinite puzzle that is the cosmos. In Hindu mythology, and according to the Mahabharata, in the beginning, there was nothing; from that darkness of “nothingness” emerged a spark of light, that expanded to become the Hiranya-garbha, the cosmic seed, the golden egg of creation. It cracked, and from it emerged Bramha, god of creation. He used his energy to expand the egg’s enveloping mass to become the cosmos, sparkled with the stars, huge, flaming balls of gas, mere fragments of the nigh-infinite energy of the Hiranya-garbha.

This seed came to be known as Brahman, the entangled force, the God that envelops us all. The point of energy from which the universe arose. This was the Big Bang theory envisioned thousands of years ago, long before Georges Lemaitre and Edwin Hubble thought of it. The word Brahman comes from the Sanskrit root brh, meaning “to expand”, and, as Einstein said, the universe is constantly expanding. Brahman is the universe. Brahman is Bramha, who, after arising, sacrificed himself to create the world.

Bramha is Ymir from Norse mythology, the Giant whose corpse is the universe, whose life force rests in all of us. This entanglement is Tao. This is Brahman. This spirit, the focus of the Big Bang’s nigh-infinite energy, in its pure form of light (photons), is within us.

The Primordial Being sacrificed himself to create the cosmos. I am the Primordial Being, Existence itself.

— Bhagavad Gita

Yet, there has always been one challenge. The singularity. The time before time. The time before the Big Bang. The Rig Veda claims there was nothing … yet that is impossible. The world’s dimensions – three of space, one of time, together forming the spacetime continuum – need gravity. What created gravity?

The universe has always been comprised of primarily dark energy, and dark matter: two unknown substances that flow through the cosmos. What are they? Some physicists theorize that dark matter is basically a form of matter with higher concentration of gravity than other particles, and dark energy is the energy form of dark matter. What if dark matter was the first matter in the universe? What if it existed immediately after the Big Bang, spawn of gravity already present prior to the Big Bang?

The simple explanation is time. What is time? Time is the gradual progress of entropy in the universe … entropy that causes the cosmos to crumble. And a new theory suggests that two universes were created in the same Big Bang – one in which time flows forward, the other, backward. A non-graduation of entropy would mean a recreation and obliteration of the universes constantly … meaning there is no nonexistence. Nor is there existence; what if the universe being an illusion meant this? The cosmos being a product of time?

This brings us back to the Bhagavad Gita’s tenth person paradox; as seen in the post the Tenth Person, what if there is the one force directing us all; an instrument of time, standing at the threshold of the cosmos itself? That is the most logical explanation: the destructive force of time controlling the two known universes.

I am Time, the destroyer of dimensions

Descending from eternity to raze all realms,

Of the two forces standing on either side of my battlefield;

I shall waste all worlds, and none shall be spared.

— Bhagavad Gita, 11:32

What if this reference to the two forces on Krishna’s battlefield was a metaphor for two universes on the end of spacetime, the barrier between the two universes? The Bhagavad Gita clearly describes a dual world, a world of polarity between matter and antimatter; what if this dual world was also a reference to the two universes?

The Primordial Being, Existence itself, is time in its omnipotent, and, more importantly, omnipresent form. Time is Brahman, and Brahman is all of us. Hence, the mortal Krishna is also God; so am I, and so are you. Here, a famous saying makes sense:

Aham Brahmasmi. Tat tvam asi.

— Acharya Adi Sankara

It means “I am Brahman, as are you.” You are Brahman, and I am Brahman. We are Bramha as well, each the creators of their own Bramha-andas, our own Expanding Eggs, our own mental universes. And we destroy ourselves, destroying those psychological universes.

I am Time, the destroyer of dimensions, and so are you.

This is the reality of the universe’s nothingness. This is why nothing becomes everything. In conclusion, I would like to quote:

Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.

— Robert J Oppenheimer

God Does Not Play Dice With The Universe

Also read: Angels & Demons by Dan Brown; The Tao of Physics by Fritjof Capra; A Briefer History of Time by Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow; The Lost Symbol by Dan Brown


In monotheism and henotheism, God is conceived as the Supreme Being and principal object of faith. The concept of God is visualized in many religions, such as Christianity and Islam, as a figure with the attributed qualities of omnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence and omnibenevolence. Theism believes in the existence of the creator and sustainer of the universe, who is referred to as God; atheists argue that the existence of God is impossible. The most common question posed by theists is for proof if God does not exist; they claim of the lack of proof for an atheist view, and vice versa.

From an atheistic point of view, the most logical rationale posed is that God violates the basic laws of physics; yet religion claims, quoting many priests, “science is merely too young to understand”. That has an amazing logic to it, but disproving a deity is simple, by claiming any existence of a material object can be challenged to be false; some other religions, such as Bhakti Hinduism, claim that the universe is an illusion and God is the sole reality.

While the concept of the universe being an illusion maybe illogical, there is no plausible argument against it, for if the world were an illusion, then arguments are pointless, as may be cited by a debater. But, as the human mind (biased and corrupted by ego, allege the believers in this theory) cannot accept this psychologically (I do not wish to argue against this illusory position of the universe physically, so I move to human psychology), we shall move to certain other theories that are more rational (from a “biased” human point of view).

In the late 1800s, and early 1900s, science could not accept the existence of God, and sought to disprove it. A major setback for them (or scientific miracle to all open-minded or religious scientists) was the Big Bang theory. In 1927, Catholic priest Georges Lemaitre (seen in the picture below) proposed the Big Bang theory, a theory that stated that the universe expanded from a small, super-heated particle as it cooled with the release of energy; and that the source of energy was God. Most physicists criticized this theory, till, in 1929, American physicist Edwin Hubble proved that the Big Bang was highly possible. Later, many physicists cited the Big Bang as the most likely theory for the universe’s creation, and today it is almost universally accepted.

Religious people, though, still support the position of a physical, intelligent and omnipotent being known as God, which (and this is purely my opinion) does not seem logical. There alleged proof is the absence of an explanation for one portion of the Big Bang: the singularity, the time during the Big Bang.

More logical is the deistic belief of some classes of Hinduism which believes in Brahman, a force that binds the universe. The entanglement theory practically proves the existence of Brahman.

The Bible (which borrows this concept from both Taoism and proto-Hinduism) says that God created the world in opposites; Light and Dark (compare with Yang and Yin), and so on. Entanglement polarity perfectly coincides with the Taoist physical view of the world. Cutting-edge research at the European Organization for Nuclear Research’s primary lab at Geneva, Switzerland, proved that the Big Bang’s energy was due to an annihilation between antimatter and matter; the intense heat energy of the universe released the two, which released annihilatory energy and photons to create new particles of matter and antimatter, due to constant matter-expansion and photon energy-contraction.


The Big Bang created a network of energy connecting the universe, known as the Entanglement, supported by both Quantum Theory and Albert Einstein, which matches with ideas of Brahman, Tao, Yahweh and God, and even the Star Wars concept of the Force. This is (again, purely my opinion) possibly proof for an atheistic-deistic fusion, a form of theism that rejects God with a human personality.

Research into a “God-psychology” is taken place at the cutting-edge of science, at the Institute of Noetic Science, which supports a theory of energy released by thoughts; a theory that even thoughts may, plausibly, have mass, which may go beyond our perceptions of God, and prove that “manna from Heaven” is a brain secretion that harnesses the power of our mind. Perhaps there are two “gods”: the Entanglement, and the mind, which were made into one by civilization and human thought. After all, even thought might be God.

Or perhaps the human perceptions of God are all flawed. Only our thoughts can break this eternal puzzle. But one thing is certain: there is an order with this universe, for, as a great man said:

God does not play dice with the universe.

— Albert Einstein


The People Who Matter: 2014

Forbes magazine has officially released its list of the 72 most powerful people in the world. And is proud to present its list: The People Who Matter, illustrating the ten most powerful individuals in the world, showing us the true potential of – The God Complex.

10. David Cameron

Organization: United Kingdom

Designation: Prime Minister, United Kingdom

Why He’s #10: The United Kingdom is one of the most powerful nations today, with the 6th highest GDP of any country, at $2.848 trillion, the fourth most formidable armed forces in the world, and the fifth largest stockpile of nuclear warheads. David Cameron acts as premier to a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a founding member of NATO, the sixth largest economy and the fourth most powerful armed force in the world, with a massive stockpile of nuclear warheads and a major alliance with the United States.

9. Larry Page and Sergey Brin

Organization: Google Inc.

Designation: Co-founders, Google Inc.

Why They’re #9: Google is by far the world’s most influential organization, as the most widely-used site on the internet, and as the propeller of the Android system of smartphones. Larry Page is CEO of Google, and Sergey Brin and Larry Page together own 65% of Google’s shares, thus controlling one of the world’s largest organizations.

8. Mario Draghi

Organization: European Central Bank

Designation: President, European Central Bank

Why He’s #8: Responsible for maintaining financial order across 18 nations, Mario Draghi controls all financial matters in the European Union, thus leading an economy larger than that of the United States itself. In 2014, to prevent European recession, he spearheaded a financial development program across the Eurozone, and the EU, thus pushing him up the list.

7. Bill Gates

Organization: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; Microsoft; Corbis; Cascade Investment

Designation: Co-chair, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; Technology Advisor, Microsoft; Chairperson, Corbis; CEO, Cascade Investment

Why He’s #7: Bill Gates holds the title of the richest person in the world, with an enormous $80.4 billion, and is the co-founder and technology adviser of the largest PC company in the world, Microsoft.

6. Janet Yellen

Organization: Federal Reserve of the United States

Designation: Chairperson, Federal Reserve

Why She’s #6: Janet Yellen’s baton of chair of the Federal Reserve was given to her in a period of deathly turmoil: the United States financial crisis. She efficiently took over from Ben Bernanke, immediately working toward repairing the American dream, increasing the six-year-bond buying campaign, and keeping short-term expenditure at zero, using the Federal Reserve’s huge store of money to efficiently revitalize the United States as the world’s largest economy.

5. Angela Merkel

Organization: Germany

Designation: Chancellor, Germany

Why She’s #5: As the head of government in the world’s 4th largest economy, in 2014 Ms. Merkel spearheaded a huge level of developmental programs, thrusting Germany’s space research initiative, creating a network of espionage satellites, boosting its supply of nuclear warheads and pushing its economy above economic giants such as the United Kingdom and France. In addition, she initiated developmental campaigns for the whole European Union, such as environmental protection campaigns by efficient usage of fuels, and sanctions on mining. This allows her practical control over the EU, making her amongst the world’s most powerful people.

4. Francis I

Organization: Catholic Church; Vatican City

Designation: Pope, Roman Catholic Church; Sovereign, Vatican City

Why He’s #4: Over 1.1 billion people, i.e. 15.71% of the world’s population, is of the Roman Catholic sect of the world’s largest religion, allowing Francis religious power over a massive group of people, of a population as much as that of India. He also holds dominion over Vatican City State, the smallest nation in the world.

3. Xi Jinping

Organization: People’s Republic of China (PRC); Communist Party of China

Designation: President, PRC; General Secretary, Communist Party; Chairperson, Central Military Commission

Why He’s #3: As General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, Xi Jinping has virtual control over Chinese government; as President and Chairperson of the CMC, he also controls the massive Chinese army, thus controlling the world’s second largest economy. China has the world’s largest military force, the fourth largest nuclear stockpile, the second highest GDP and the largest population of any nation, with a permanent position on the UN Security Council and an alliance with military giant Russia.

2. Barack Obama

Organization: United States of America

Designation: President, United States

Why He’s #2: Barack Hussein Obama is the head of state and head of government of the United States, which is the world’s largest economy, the world’s most powerful military force, owner of the largest nuclear stockpile, virtual controller over the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and which has a permanent seat on the UN Security Council. The United States has for years been the world’s most powerful country, and has been the world’s only superpower. Barack Obama spearheads secret defense, economic development and international diplomatic programs to keep his country the most powerful in the world.

Before we get to #1, let’s see some:

Honorable Mentions

#11. Abdullah ibn Abdilaz?z

Abdullah of Saudi Arabia.jpg

Organization: Saudi Arabia

Designation: King, Saudi Arabia

Also Known For: being the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques

#12. Warren Buffett

Warren Buffett KU Visit.jpg

Organization: Berkshire Hathaway

Designation: Chairperson and CEO, Berkshire Hathaway

Also Known For: being the second richest person in the world

#13. Li Keqiang

Li Keqiang (cropped).jpg

Organization: People’s Republic of China (PRC)

Designation: Premier, PRC

Also Known For: being the vice-chairperson of the National Security Commission

#14. Carlos Slim Helú

Carlos Slim Helú.jpg

Organization: Telmex; America Movil; Grupo Carso

Designation: CEO, Telmex; CEO, America Movil; Chairperson, Grupo Carso

Also Known For: being the third richest person in the world

#15. Narendra Modi

Narendra D Modi.png

Organization: India

Designation: Prime Minister, India

Also Known For: serving as Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014

#1 – Number One 

 1. Vladimir Putin

 Vladimir Putin - 2006.jpg

Organization: Russian Federation

Designation: President of Russia

Why He’s #1: Vladimir Putin is the president of the world’s 9th largest economy, the Russian Federation, which owns the second largest stockpile of nuclear warheads and the fifth largest and second most powerful military force. But what gives Vladimir Putin the edge over Barack Obama were his 2014 accomplishments: he captured the Crimean Peninsula, staged a proxy war in Ukraine, created a massive satellite communication network in Russia, formed an orderly underground railway system and spent $77 billion to build a Russian-Chinese gas pipeline. Putin also mobilized Russia’s massive energy reserves. Today, Russia is a nation filled with energy, nuclear power and a permanent seat on the UN Security Council, thrust forward by President Putin, hence his powerful position on this list.

The Tenth Person

It is 1,000 B.C. Imagine yourself standing in a battlefield, a charioteer for the greatest warrior the world has ever seen. You gaze upon the enemy, yet you feel little fear. And you are about to take a warlord to battle. The warlord strings his bow, and commands you to drive forward. You take the reins, and compel the horses to move forward. And the warrior sees his friends, cousins, mentors and allies against him. He drops his spear, his shield, his sword and his bow. There are tears in his eyes.

Who would have the conviction to tell the warlord to fight? To tell him to give up attachment to all those he loved, and see them all as one: mere targets to his ruthless arrows – who would dare? Only a figure enigmatic as Krishna, the son of Shura Vasudeva.

Arjun is doing this because he believes that his army would stop fighting without their greatest warrior. Until Krishna pronounces the great words: “Now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.” Krishna says that he intends to annihilate the other side, and, by the legends of the Mahabharata, Krishna is Vishnu, and Vishnu is God.

Then, he proposes a simple philosophical question. There are eight men attempting to lift a rock, and failing. If a ninth man comes to aid them, and then they are able to lift the rock, is that ninth man the greatest among them? Arjun answers by saying the ninth is the strongest, since he managed to lift the rock. Krishna then gives the simple explanation that each one of the nine contribute equally; if any one man wasn’t there, none of them would be able to lift the rock. Everyone is an equal. And then, Krishna declares that he is the tenth person.

Who is this “tenth person”? There is not only one; each one of us is a tenth person. The tenth person is the one who motivates them to lift the rock, the one who asks the ninth man to go, the one who understands the importance of each man. The tenth person is the force that controls them all, the root cause for lifting the rock itself. The tenth person is truly greatest, for he can bear the pangs of detachment. And, above all, he can bear the pangs of dispassion, an emotional consequence he is willing to face to nourish and replenish his eternal dream. No, not his dream. His or her plan. 


The GoTejas Journey

Hello, fans and newcomers to Today, on October 20th, 2014, releases this post, GoTejas’ hundredth post. So, let’s look into how GoTejas was started. Logo

GoTejas was started in August 2008, by Tejas Subramaniam, aided by his uncle Praveen Sherman. Updated finally on September 23rd, 2008, GoTejas’ first post was on September 24th, 2008, with the post titled “HOW A MAN SHOULD LIVE”, describing the compassion as taught by the spiritual leader Vardhman Mahavir, the twenty-fourth Jain saint, often incorrectly regarded as the founder of Jainism (historical evidence ascribes this to the saint Parshva, who compiled the teachings of twenty-two saints, and, as the twenty-third saint, founded Jainism as a proper philosophy and religion). The next post, titled “GOD”, was a kid’s way of describing devotion, though today Tejas is non-religious and an atheist.

Today, GoTejas is a website with 100 posts, 543 comments, one offshoot website ( and views from Bangalore, Chennai, Dubai, London and South Africa. Its posts deal with complex topics such as the nature of enlightenment, socio-politics, literary reviews, mytho-archaeology, cryptozoology and cuisine.

Writing in GoTejas has been a fun and excellent journey for me. I’ve learned lots while writing. I never thought I would reach 543 comments and 100 posts, and my views have been from all over the world. I am euphoric to announce the 100th post. This is a big step in Gotejas’ and my journey.

— Tejas Subramaniam

Thus, GoTejas has enjoyed a journey like no other blog, and it shall continue to shine. To all those of the Bahá’í Faith, observe the birth of the Báb with devotion.

Today also happens to be Osteoporosis Day. What is osteoporosis? It is a bone disease, characterized by a decrease in bone mass and an increase in risk of fracture.

So, please find information on Osteoporosis to help eradicate it.

Warm regards,


The Best Characters

Be it a novel, a short story or a ballad, a character should be described profoundly: appearance, age, occupation, physiological features, psychology, strengths and weaknesses. This is a list of the five best characters from films, television series and books.

5. Govinda – The Aryavarta Chronicles by Krishna Udayasankar

The world as we know it would not make sense unless Ahalya were turned to stone …

In Krishna Udayasankar’s Aryavarta Chronicles, Govinda is not a playful cowherd with a flute, nor is he the deity who assumed his universal form before Arjuna; he takes on a new character, seen in K.M. Munshi’s Krishnavatara series, and in the Tamil film Karnan: a genius, a formidable swordsman, a wily cowherd and a cunning, manipulative politician.

4. The Joker

I just do things.

How about a crazy, psychopathic, schizophrenic clown with no sense of morality, just a hint of insanity mixed with sadistic personality disorder? Doesn’t everyone like a good … clown?

3. Sir Leigh Teabing – The Da Vinci Code

I led them. ‘Rector’, I made them call me. ‘Teacher’.

Here’s the Teacher, the antagonist of Dan Brown’s controversial bestseller, the internationally acclaimed (and insulted) The Da Vinci Code. He’s just a knight, a good, innocent friend of Robert Langdon who supports him and lives in a nice cosy home, until he decides to risk his life to save his dear, dear friend. Can’t be that innocent, can we? So Brown made him the villain. So add in a cunning, calculating guy who ultimately is quite crazy. (Obsessed with making villains crazy, aren’t they? I still like ’em.)

2. Maximilian Kohler – Angels & Demons

Yes, the picture above is that of Professor X of X-Men. Still, is there a difference in the appearance of Max Kohler? Bald, wearing a suit, wise and understanding but grim and bitter eyes …

So what makes Max cool? He’s an ideal Dan Brown character, calculating, serious and bitter. But he’s also extremely smart, wise and understanding.

1. Sherlock Holmes

Elementary, my dear Watson.

Sherlock Holmes is bitter, sarcastic and cynical, and a ruthless Machiavellian who is prepared to manipulate innocents and break the law to solve cases and to capture people guilty of crimes. The private detective is cunning, and prepared to efficiently execute his missions by any means. And he’s also inspired characters like the legendary Batman, and Gregory House, MD.


The People Who Matter – 2013

2013 was a year of vast socio-economic changes, increases in GDP, hikes in military budgets and political revolutions. This is a list of the most powerful people in 2013.

10. Michael Terry “Mike” Duke

Post: CEO of Walmart (in 2013)

Why He Was #10: Mike Duke led the world’s largest and richest company in the world, a company that thousands depended on.

9. Mario Draghi

Post: President of the European Central Bank

Why He Was #9: Mr. Draghi is the head of the European Central Bank, the reserve that controls the money in the parts of the European Union that function with the Euro (the Eurozone).

8. Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al Saud

Post: King, Saudi Arabia

Why He Was #8: Saudi Arabia is the largest exporter of oil, a precious non-renewable energy source that all nations require, and King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al Saud is the supreme sovereign and absolute monarch of Saudi Arabia.

7. Ben Bernanke

Post: Chairperson of the Federal Reserve (in 2013)

Why He Was #7: Mr. Ben Bernanke led the government bank of the largest economy of the world. While he faced the United States economic crisis, he controlled the money of the United States.

6. William “Bill” Gates III

Post: Co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Chairman of Microsoft (in 2013)

Why He Was #6: He was the leader of the world’s largest software maker, and had influence of over 60% of the world’s computers. He was (and is) the second richest person in the world.

5. Angela Merkel

Post: Chancellor of Germany; Leader of the Christian Democratic Union; de facto leader of the European Union

Why She Was #5: Angela Merkel is/was Chancellor of Germany, granting her huge amounts of power. She practically controlled the EU, which, put together, is a larger economy than the United States. She is also the most powerful woman in the world.

4. Francis I

Post: Pope of the Roman Catholic Church; Bishop of Rome; Elected Sovereign of the Holy See and the Vatican City

Why He Was #4: As the fresh pope, Francis became an able and efficient monarch, immediately introducing a new major bank, strengthening Vatican defense and the one who led 1.228 billion people, the largest religious sect in the world, Catholicism.

3. Xi Jinping

Post: President of China; General Secretary of the Communist Party; Chairman of the Central Military Commission

Why He Was #3: China was (and is) a growing economic superpower, as the world’s second largest economy, with the world’s largest military and population. Unfortunately for China, its population also forms negativity, hence the #3 position for Mr. Jinping.

2. Barack Obama

Post: President of the United States

Why He Was #2: Barack Obama is the leader of the world’s sole economic and military superpower, the United States. The United States is (and was in 2013) the undisputed largest economy. But he was pushed to #2 from #1 because of the United States 2013 economic crisis.

1. Vladimir Putin

Post: President of the Russian Federation

Why He Was #1: While the United States was the world’s most powerful nation, Putin superseded Obama in 2013 because of his massive influence as premier of the Russian Federation.

Some Good Haikus

Haiku is a term coined by Masaoka Shiki in 19th century Japan, but they existed long before that in feudal Japan, known as hokkus. haiku is a three-line verse that conveys immediate emotions, generally in the present tense, though often in the past tense. Generally written in calligraphy of the kanji script of Japanese, today haikus are written in various other languages. They can be alliterative, rhythmic or just phrases that capture the emotions and beauty of a moment. The five haikus below are rhythmic haikus written by myself:

Not the glimmer of a saber-sheath

Nor a vision of the Shadow of death 

Giveth thee an emperor’s wreath. 

This haiku is not about the beauty of a moment, but rather a moral expressed through an envisioning of a true monarch: not a conqueror or a fighter, but a just, righteous and benevolent man who inspires people.

Vengeance is justice not 

For vengeance is naught 

Great as merciful forethought. 

This is easily understandable. Following this is:

A sip of warm brew

An aura of all that is good and true 

A sip of tea, sweet as dew. 

And then,

Orange hues brighten the air 

As the pretty silhouette of a mare 

Comes forth, radiant and fair. 

And finally,

Slay the thief shall I now?

But how shall my emotions allow me, how? 

Mercy washes over my thoughts, once cruel, low. 

This last haiku was based on a simple paradoxical start to a legendary haiku by Basho (1643-1694):

I want to kill him … 

I don’t want to kill him … 

Following this, Basho adds an exceptional ending: Catching the thief, and seeing his face, it was my brother! 

The Tale of the Greatest Greek Hero

Greek mythology has many things to offer: gods, Titans, destruction of the world, monsters, mythical creatures, and not to mention heroes. Heroes generally destroy monsters, and go on quests to save the world, or themselves. They often earn the vengeance of a god, and must learn to survive.

All heroes have a superb power – Heracles’ strength and his club and magical arrows, Bellerophon who rides Pegasus, Perseus with an impenetrable shield, flying sandals and the head of Medusa to turn people to stone.

But one hero had only mental powers: intellect, indomitable will and the desire to stay alive while protecting those he loves. His name was Theseus.

Theseus lived in a nation under the ruthless reign of the tyrannical dictator Minos, in a place called Colchis. In Colchis, there was a labyrinthine fortress of darkness, with obstacles and a guardian demon known as the Minotaur. The Minotaur was huge, with the head and fur of a bull, but the manual dexterity, and physiology of a man from neck down. He breathed fire, and had a flaming whip, and a massive mystical ax.

Once, the people started an uprising against Minos, but Minos’ forces crushed rebellion. To prevent any further rebellion, Minos sent a child aged twelve to sixteen into the labyrinth with a single weapon to battle the Minotaur. It was a cruel act of dominance by the dictator.

The child was chosen by a lottery. All children had to enter their name at least once in the lottery, but in exchange for a meager pay they could enter their name in more times.

Any man, woman or child was eligible to volunteer in place of a child. Not once had a child, man or woman vanquished the Minotaur.

Yet Theseus volunteered, and went inside the Labyrinth. He braved its dangers, and with his intellect he found Ariadne’s String, a string that would guide him through the Deltas, symbols that guided Theseus to safe places from the attack of the Minotaur, where Theseus, using ambush, managed to battle and kill the Minotaur.

He then sought the help of the maker of the Labyrinth, Daedalus, who had been sentenced to live inside. Daedalus used his intellect to craft a second rebellion, which succeeded. Minos was overthrown, and Greece faded to democracy, where Theseus was elected as leader.

And that is the premise of the greatest Greek hero of all.

The Divergent Trilogy and Ancient India

With the release of the film Divergent in March 2014, Veronica Roth’s book series, The Divergent Trilogy, consisting of Divergent, Insurgent and Allegiant, has had exploding sales.

The trilogy is based on a post-apocalyptic future world where people are divided into five factions based on virtue: Erudite, the intelligent; Candor, the truthful; Amity, the peaceful; Abnegation, the selfless; and Dauntless, the brave. Every year, sixteen-year-olds are sorted into one of these factions based on a test; they either choose a faction according to the test, or choose their family’s faction. If they choose the test faction, assuming it is not their family’s faction, then they practically abandon their family.

After the sorting, people undergo rigorous training to fit into the faction; if they fail their tests, they become factionless and are forced to live on the streets, poor.

Sounds familiar?

In ancient India, about 900 B.C., people were sorted similarly into four factions: Brahamana, the intelligent; Kshatriya, the brave and truthful; Vaishya, the peaceful; and Shudra, the selfless.

At the time, the Kshatriya faction had maximum power, until the Brahamana attempted to seize power. Now that is similar.

The Divergent Trilogy probably isn’t based on India, but still, the similarities are striking.

God Complex: The Most Powerful Characters in the DC Comics Universe

The first superhero publisher ever has published its own set of extremely formidable characters. Welcome to, and today we’ll be counting down the most powerful characters in DC Comics. We will focus on the depictions of both original New Earth comics, and the Prime Earth comics of New 52, released in 2011.

Disclaimer: The data below is based on content published and owned by DC Comics and Warner Bros. makes no claim to ownership of the data.

6. The Specter

The Spectre (James Corrigan)

James Corrigan was a detective in New York City, until the most powerful being in the universe came to him, granting him supernatural powers and giving him a divine mission – to be the host of Aztar the Specter, spirit of vengeance. Even when the Specter got various other hosts, including Green Lantern Hal Jordan, and Crispus Allen, James always controlled the Specter, or unleashed Aztar’s wrath. The Specter is the spirit of the Divine Wrath, and the vengeance of the one above all.

5. Michael Demiurgos

The most powerful angel of all, Michael is virtually omnipotent and omniscient, with immeasurable levels of speed, strength, intelligence, fighting skills, durability and energy manipulation. He can manipulate matter at the subatomic level and was amongst the only beings to have dueled and defeated the Specter in battle.

4. Lucifer Morningstar

Lucifer Morningstar was created with his brother, Michael Demiurgos, by the will of an extremely powerful being to become an angel, with nigh-omniscience and nigh-omnipotence. He was an equal to his brother, until he began exploring the ways of darkness. His ruthless schemes caused him to be cast away into a hellish realm, which he began to control, gaining him virtual omnipotence over dark forces.

3. The Shadow Creature

The picture has nothing on it. And that’s exactly what the being christened “the Great Darkness” or “the Shadow Creature” is. The supreme manifestation of the void before creation, of the primordial Chaos, the Shadow Creature is virtually omnipotent, and is nigh-omnipresent. With extremely powerful umbrakinesis, the Shadow Creature controls, manipulates and projects dark energy and dark matter, and even “dark antimatter”, controlling the darker aspect of the cosmos. His umbrakinesis makes him almost invincible. Almost.

2. Elaine Belloc

Elaine Belloc was originally a normal girl, who discovered that she was, in truth, an angel and daughter of Michael Demiurgos, as powerful as he was. Soon, she sprouted wings, granting her flight, and gradually, virtual omnipotence. Then, she created a universe of her own, over which she was omnipotent, omniscient and omnipresent. The universe merged with the DC Universe, and she became the second most powerful being in the entire universe, second only to …

1. The Presence/The Voice

DC Comics’ representation of God, the Presence is omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent and omniversal, and is limited by absolutely nothing except the Presence’s benevolence. The Presence, or the Voice, commands all forces in the DC Universe, with heralds including the Specter and Eclipso, and the powerful angels such as Michael Demiurgos. There are two beings with the Presence inside them, Elaine Belloc and the Ultimate Presence, Yahweh.

God Complex: Most Powerful Characters of the Marvel Universe

“God complex” is the common name of a psychological condition in which an affected person believes that the he/she is a supreme authority, or a divine manifestation. Appropriately named, the God Complex Series of posts on is based on lists of formidable subjects.

They’re the most powerful beings in an entire fictional universe. Welcome to’s God Complex, and today we’ll be counting down the five most powerful characters in the Marvel multiverse, of the organization Marvel Entertainment, owned by The Walt Disney Company.

Disclaimer: The data displayed in the content below, including but not limited to characters and stories, are owned by The Walt Disney Company and Marvel Entertainment. makes no claim to own the data.

7. Galactus

Galactus is, and ever will be.

— The Silver Surfer

The Devourer of Worlds, the “all-powerful” Galactus feeds on the life-force and energy of planets. The last survivor of his race, his energy is so powerful he requires entire planets to feed on. He is the most powerful wielder of the power Cosmic, allowing him to manipulate matter, antimatter and energy. He can rearrange the molecular structure of planets to make their forces easier to absorb, causing much destruction. With a single touch, he can trigger annihilation, complete destruction of matter by manipulating antimatter, and vice versa. The power Cosmic allows him to harness the power of the universe itself. This power allowed him to survive the Big Bang, that wiped out the rest of his entire race. He watched the creation of the universe, thus allowing him the knowledge to manipulate its fabric, making him virtually omniscient. His greatest power is energy manipulation, that allows him to absorb energies from others and use it against them.

6. Odin Borson

Odin Borson (Earth-616) by Immonen

Power, such as thine, may ne’er be used in wanton wrath, for way man may err, a god shall not.

— Odin Borson

King Odin Borson is ruler of the mystical Asgardian Empire, and the leader of the Norse gods. He is nigh-omniscient, with knowledge surpassing that of all beings except that of the nine supreme beings and Galactus. As god of magic, his magical powers of energy manipulation and energy projection are massive, paired with combat skills and speed. Odin’s speed, strength, fighting skills and energy manipulation are greatly increased when he taps into the Odin-force, the force channeled by his aura, his life-blood that runs through his realm of Asgard. The Odin-force grants him nigh-omnipotence, and the ability to project all his energy into a God-blast, a beam of near-infinite energy directed at an opponent. Odin’s son, Thor, was able to produce a God-blast that shook the foundations of even Galactus, and Odin’s God-blast is millions of times more powerful, able to annihilate Galactus. His strength was great enough to force cosmic entities into unconsciousness.

5. The Phoenix

Save yourself, and leave me to die with the city I will destroy.

— Phoenix

Jean Grey was a mutant with abilities of telepathy, able to read, control and unhinge minds, and telekinesis, able to control motion of objects. A 5th level mutant, her telepathic skills were second only to Charles Xavier and En Sabah Nur. She was a prominent member of the group of mutants under Charles Xavier, the X-Men, fighting against Magneto’s Brotherhood of Mutants. Then, she started hosting the Phoenix, an entity that controlled and possessed her, driving her to almost kill Charles Xavier, her long-time mentor, and join the Brotherhood of Mutants under Magneto, where she became nigh-omnipotent, annihilating and obliterating any enemy of hers. Gradually, her mental energy overcame the Phoenix Force, and she began to control her powers as the Phoenix. Too powerful to belong to the X-Men once again, she dedicated her life to protecting the Earth. Her powers soon became extraordinary, allowing her to defeat the powerful cosmic entity Galactus with her powers, and easily destroying any threats Earth faced. She then became the White Phoenix of the Crown, allowing her powers to be further enhanced.

4. The Elder Gods

I am the earth.

— Gaia

The Elder Gods – Set, Chthon, Gaia et cetera are a powerful race of gods that arrived before any other race. Their powers of magic and energy manipulation remain nigh unsurpassed.

3. Abstract Entities

My name is Death. I meet many people, and thus, I remember their names not. But you … my brethren and I shall savor!

— Death

Infinity, Eternity, Death, Lord Chaos, Master Order, Oblivion and Amatsu Mikaboshi the Chaos King are the Abstract Entities, beings who personify the cosmos. They are nigh-omnipotent and eternal, immortal, invulnerable and virtually invincible.

2. The Living Tribunal (Multiverse)

With great power comes great responsibility and little happiness.

— The Living Tribunal

The Living Tribunal is a nigh-omnipotent, omniscient entity whose power controls the energies of equity, necessity and vengeance, hence his three faces. With exceptional energy projection, energy manipulation and energy sourcing, matter manipulation, reality warping, chronokinesis, formidable psychic powers and the ability to create or obliterate universes, the Living Tribunal acts as the sole judge to the functioning of the cosmos. He defeated the energy of the Infinity Gauntlet and of the Tesseract (the Cosmic Cube), and was exceeded only by The Heart, the power of his master …


1. The One Above All (Multiverse)

There is only one being who is all-powerful, and his only weapon is love!

— Uatu the Watcher

The One Above All, appropriately named, is the most powerful being the Marvel multiverse, and the creator of it and all the beings within. Known to be extremely benevolent, omniscient, omnipotent and often omnipresent. A living force, The One Above All can be male or female, and is known often as God (in this post, The One Above All is referred to as “he”, for the simple reason that The One Above All was created in honor and to represent Jack Kirby and Stan Lee, both males). He has unconditional love for all her creations, yet is willing to make sacrifices for the greater good alone. Only rarely does he directly intervene in the universes, preferring to be the ideal parent, making the most difficult decision a parent has to make: letting go of his children so that they can progress freely. This is what, truly, makes him The One Above All.





The Best Duels in Literature

Literature almost always is based on conflict: an external struggle, multiple personalities, emotional conflict and so on. External struggles, in various genres, often end in battle. Some external struggles, though, are often more personal, and hence, they end in duels. While battles are portions of war, duels are between a couple of people engaged in physical conflict. Literature has its own range of duels, from the conventional combat of historical fiction, to magic duels, and those fought with advanced technology or abilities that we lack. This is a list of the 5 duels in literature that, in my opinion, exceed most others. The novels mentioned are:

Govinda – Book 1 of the Aryavarta Chronicles – by Krishna Udayasankar

Eragon – Book 1 of the Inheritance Cycle – by Christopher Paolini

The Order of the Phoenix – Book 5 of the Harry Potter series – by J.K. Rowling

The Sea of Monsters – Book 2 of the Percy Jackson series – by Rick Riordan

The Mahabharata – Part 1 of Book 5 of the Vedas – by Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa

Warning: This list contains spoilers.

5. Perseus Jackson vs Luke Castellan – The Sea of Monsters by Rick Riordan

In this fantasy series, 13-year-old Perseus “Percy” Jackson discovers that he’s a demigod and son of the Greek god of the sea, Poseidon. Everyday, he has to train in swordsmanship, archery and battle strategy to battle powerful monsters that attack demigods each day. The only safe place for him is Camp Half-Blood, a camp for demigods protected from monsters by a magical boundary formed by a pine tree who was once a girl named Thalia. In this novel, Thalia’s tree is poisoned by the demigod son of Hermes, Luke Castellan, a Machiavellian demigod who intends to rise the Titan Kronos from the dead to destroy the gods. The only artifact that can save the tree is the Golden Fleece, a mystical fleece that brings prosperity to all realms. Luke, too, needs the Golden Fleece to resurrect Kronos, and hence Percy and Luke duel over the fleece. Percy and Luke have both been hailed as the best swordsmen Camp Half-Blood has seen in 500 years, and they display exceptional swordsmanship. Percy gains power by touching water as his father is god of the sea, yet even then Luke is able to equal him. Finally, Luke defeats Percy and has him at his mercy, when centaurs raid the spot and force Luke and his forces away.

Winner: Luke Castellan


4. Albus Dumbledore vs Lord Voldemort – The Order of the Phoenix by J.K. Rowling

In this fantasy chronicle, orphan Harry Potter discovers his parents were killed by the ruthless Dark wizard Lord Voldemort, and that he himself is a wizard. He attends the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft & Wizardry, in the house Gryffindor. In the fifth installment of the series, The Order of the Phoenix, the Dark wizard Voldemort has risen from destruction and prepares to kill Harry. Harry’s mentor and the headmaster of Hogwarts, Albus Dumbledore, protects Harry and faces Voldemort in a magical duel. While Voldemort uses Unforgivable Curses and lethal hexes, Dumbledore uses powerful defensive charms combined with formidable offensive spells. The duel ends when Dumbledore envelops Voldemort in a whorl of swirling water, and Voldemort disappears and attempts to possess Harry; when his attempt fails, he flees with his lieutenant Bellatrix Lestrange, though he is seen by Ministry of Magic officials.

Winner: Albus Dumbledore


3. Eragon vs Durza – Eragon by Christopher Paolini

In this fantasy series, 15-year-old farmboy Eragon finds that he is one of the legendary Dragon Riders, who rides a graceful blue dragon named Saphira. He is thrust into a world of magic, where his tutor, the old village-bard Brom, takes him on a journey to pledge alliance to the rebel alliance of the Varden, who rebel against the tyranny of the cruel ruler of the Empire, King Galbatorix. Galbatorix’s lieutenant, a Shade, a cursed man in between life and death, named Durza, bewitches the warlike race known as the Urgals to serve him as an army. Then, Durza prepares to attack the Varden so that he can gain Eragon’s dragon Saphira and force her into submission of the Empire. Eragon himself challenges Durza, and they both have a sword-to-sword battle involving deadly sorcery and witchcraft, as well as dark creatures against Saphira. Durza injures Saphira and almost kills Eragon when he is distracted by the war, and Eragon manages to slay Durza.


Winner: Eragon (when his opponent is distracted)


2. Govinda Shauri vs Shisupala – Govinda by Krishna Udayasankar

Krishna Udayasankar’s Aryavarta Chronicles is an example of exceptional literary fiction alongside the Hindu epic known as the Mahabharata created in a historical way. Here, Govinda (Udayasankar’s version of Krishna) is a cunning, scheming, calculating, clever and manipulative man, and the Supreme Commander of the Armies of Dwaraka. He aids Dharma Yudhisthir in an imperial conquest, and often intellectually battles Krishna Dwaipayana, the Vyasa of the Firstborn. In the coronation of Emperor Dharma Yudhisthir, Shisupala challenges Govinda’s honoring by Yudhisthir, and so Govinda challenges him to a duel. This excellent duel is fought sword-to-sword, with the sheer brute force and agility of Shisupala against the skill and strategies of Govinda. Written in a writer’s voice that keeps your eyes, however introspective, transfixed to the pages of the novel as Govinda slays Shisupala with his ruthless strategies and displays exceptional swordsmanship.

Winner: Govinda Shauri


1. Karna Vasusena vs Arjuna Dhananjaya – Mahabharata by Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa

The Mahabharata is the largest epic in Indian mythology, and the first part of the fifth book of the Vedas, known as Itihasa, along with its twin, The Ramayana. In this epic, Yudhisthir’s right to the kingship of the city of Indr-prastha is challenged by his cousin Duryodhana, the son of Dhritarashtra, King of Kuru. This is followed by Yudhisthir and his brothers being forced into a terrifying exile with their wife, Panchali, daughter of Dhrupad, the king of Panchala. After the exile, Yudhisthir challenges his cousin to an eighteen-day-war. On the seventeenth day, Yudhisthir’s younger brother Arjuna Dhananjaya engages Duryodhana’s most trusted ally, Vasusena Karna, the King of Anga. A fearsome duel with usage of mystical weapons, exceptional martial arts, archery and swordsmanship, it is truly a battle to fear. In the end, Arjuna’s adviser and strategist, Krishna, the president of Dwaraka, directs Arjuna to kill Vasusena when his chariot wheel is stuck on the ground and Vasusena is forced to attempt to pull it out. Arjuna does this with a swift arrow.

Winner: Arjuna Dhananjaya (through unfair means)


Desire and Nirvana

Last month, my mother received a call from her boss, requesting her to go to Kenya for a workshop based on data warehousing and business intelligence. She had no experience whatsoever based on it, but her boss trusts her deeply with any kind of job. And he offered a fabulous prize in exchange – a vacation for my mom, my dad and me to Nairobi in Kenya, as well as the Masai Mara sanctuary; a paradise for wildlife. The visit was scheduled to May 23rd, 2014. To me, a person who loves animals and wildlife more than anything else in the world, a visit to Kenya was a dream come true – a strong desire that had held me for years. We made plans, and had excessive joy in expectation, a flourishing energy and excitement. My mom soon became an expert in data warehousing and business intelligence. We had been booked in an exceptional hotel, and so on.
We discussed wildlife, our tour and cuisine, and indulged in euphoria through our plans. Then, suddenly, nature’s force took play, and our trip was cancelled. A normal human, attached to desire, would face devastation. And devastation was what I expected. My own psychology surprised me.
I felt no sadness, no happiness; I was devoid of attachments, devoid of desire, devoid of emotion. I was calm. If anything, there was a sense of gratification. There was a strange aura of peace, of happiness, that came from being devoid of expectation. I had outgrown basic desire. The only sadness I felt was that my mother had worked extremely hard for her workshop.
It remains to haunt me, but the darkness has been washed away. Only now, truly, do I understand the Buddha’s teachings. The Buddhist concept of knowing peace when devoid of desire is entirely true.
Happiness is a psychological reaction; it is not achieved by fulfillment of desire, or any physical or material attachment. Objective and subjective pleasure is not true happiness. Happiness is achieved by giving away material attachments. It is pleasure achieved by only the self, the entanglement. That is the soul – the calm within us, the emotions achieved regardless of material or physical incidents. It is an experience like none other, a distinct emotion.
It is the emotion without matter. Mind over matter. This is nirvana. This is enlightenment.

Top 4 Most Powerful Animals Ever

Welcome to the preview of God Complex: Preview Episode – The 4 Most Powerful Animals!

In the kingdom of Animalia, various beings have arisen, with awing characteristics perfectly built to suit acclimatization and adaptation. In order to execute the various attributes of life, including hunting, self-defense and basic survival attributes, animals evolve by developing new characteristics to adapt to a changing environment. In the changing environment of biodiversity, inter-species conflict occurs, when species attack others, or defend themselves during an attack. Such conflict has unpredictable results due to the habitat, yet, in a hypothetical situation when we only analyze characteristics of adaptation and not habitat, the most formidable animals during inter-species conflict have to be judged in an entirely different way. Thus, this article lists down the top 4 most formidable animals in conflict, modern, ancient or prehistoric, surviving or extinct. Enjoy your journey through different realms as you encounter various beasts!

4. Predator X – Pliosaurus funkei

When the species was found, paleontologists dubbed the animal “Predator X”, or “The Monster”. This 45-ton animal is straight out of your nightmares, with a bite force of 15 tons, huge nine-inch teeth, and massive three-meter jaws. Predator X had four large ten-foot long flippers to maneuver his/her massive bulk through the ocean. Predator X preyed on long-necked plesiosaurs, such as the 8-ton Cryptoclidus.

3. Leviathan – Livyatan melvillei

The giant sperm whale had deadly rows of huge, razor-sharp teeth that could slice through bone with ease, a formidable skull to crumble spines and femurs, huge fins and a massive tail to swing with enormous force and beams of high-pitched waves to stun and shock an opponent, the Leviathan, named for Moby Dick, was the most powerful predatory whale. Though smaller than today’s sperm whale, Leviathan packs a punch due to his/her massive teeth and powerful jaws to rip through flesh and muscle of baleen whale prey – and the baleen whales include 60-ton ones.

2. The Monster of Aramberri – unknown type species

In the village of Aramberri, Mexico, a fossil find showed the largest known short-necked plesiosaur, or Pliosaur; the Monster of Aramberri was 13 meters long, weighed about 40 tons, and had huge jaws with deadly rows of massive, razor-sharp teeth. With a bite force packing a punch, huge flippers granting maneuverability, and intimidating size, he/she was a deadly predator. But the discovery in the fossil was stunning – a huge bite-mark on the flipper, caused by another, larger specimen of the same species. This one is predicted to be about 15 meters long, and to weigh a massive 52 tons, making it the largest Pliosaur known, alongside a bite force of sixteen tons. Enough said.

1. Megalodon – Carcharodon megalodon

Megalodon was a large shark in the genus Carcharodon that lived from about 21 million years ago, to around 1.75 million years ago, through the Miocene and Pliocene epochs. Megalodons were fearsome predators, often referred to as the largest predators ever to exist. Estimates for the size of Megalodon range from a 40-foot, 45-ton animal, to that of a 67-foot, 103-ton animal. The upper estimates of a 103-ton animal is quite accurate, though only in extreme cases. Megalodon, therefore, can be estimated at about 81 metric tons in weight (81,000 kilograms), alongside a length of 57 feet (17 meters). Megalodon was an apex predator, and preyed on whales, including dolphins, and larger toothed whales such as Brygmophyseter sperm whales, and common sperm whales; Megalodon also preyed on large baleen whales as well as sharks, and giant squid. According to paleontologists, Megalodon had only two competitors: the 67-ton common sperm whales, and the deadlier 50-ton Livyatan melvillei.

Top 6 Most Unhealthy Lacto-vegetarian Foods

6. Fried mac ‘n’ cheese balls – United States of America – Though macaroni originates in Italy, this fast food is certainly American. The macaroni is made of processed wheat, whichhas gluten and is associated with diabetes and heart disease. The gluten and starch causes obesity, and an overload of fat. This macaroni is loaded with salt, which is entirely sodium, and has lots of cheese. Cheese is loaded with fat and salt. The balls are made of refined wheat, potatoes and breadcrumbs. Though potatoes are not unhealthy, these potatoes, along with the wheat and breadcrumbs, are peeled, deep-fried in oil, and loaded with sodium and fat. The macaroni is stuffed into this, giving this our Number 6 spot.

5. Veg balls in manchurian sauce – India – Though often credited as a Chinese dish, this is an Indian dish made with Chinese methods. It consists of deep-fried vegetables coated in thick layers of refined wheat, dunked in a sauce loaded with salt, which is purely sodium, as well as the lethal Monosodium Glutamate (MSG), often called ajinomoto.

4. Frozen chocolate donut – United States of America – A chocolate donut is made of refined wheat stuffed with cream, cocoa, sugar and artificial flavorings, as well as a coating of chocolate sauce and crystallized sugar. The excess sugar causes a hike in sodium content, gluten, starch and calories, artificial flavorings imbibe toxins into the food, and cream has high cholesterol and is loaded with saturated fat. The refined wheat is associated with diabetes and heart disease. Frozen food is heavily processed, and causes a hike in sodium, giving this donut the Number 4 spot on the list.

3. Gulab Jamun – India – A famous Indian dessert, Gulab Jamun consists of a ball of maida i.e. refined wheat coated with lots of sugar and deep fried in oil. After its deep frying, it is dunked in lots of sugar syrup. Refined wheat, as already explained, is devoid of natural fiber, has too much gluten, and is associated with Type 2 diabetes and heart diseases. Deep frying impregnates the food with toxins, and the excess sugar causes a hike in sodium content, giving Gulab Jamun the Number 3. spot.

2. Double ka Meetha – India – A popular dessert of Andhra Pradesh, in southern India, “double ka meetha” consists of a white-bread roll of refined wheat and lots of sugar dipped in cream, deep fried, dipped in sugar syrup and deep fried again, only to be dunked in sugar syrup and make the meal. Refined wheat is devoid of roughage and natural fiber, and is rich in lots of gluten and starch. Gluten and starch provide energy, but that energy must be used, or it would be stored as fat, often leading in diseases such as obesity. Approximately 25 different chemicals are used in the manufacturing of refined wheat, and refined wheat is associated with Type 2 diabetes and heart diseases. Whole-milk cream has high cholesterol and is loaded with saturated fat, as well as calories of energy that, unless burned, can cause diseases. Cholesterol can cause heart disease, and cream can also cause chronic inflammation. Sugar also contains lots of starch, and can result in obesity. Deep frying generates heat, and the heat can result in the formation of toxins in the food. These toxins are often carcinogenic, and the heat also removes most nutrients. The more a food is deep fried, the more toxins are imbibed in it, and double ka meetha is deep fried twice. All this results in double ka meetha being the unhealthiest vegetarian food.

1. High-sugar cookie milkshake – United States of America – Cream cookies are loaded with fat, sodium, cholesterol, starch and sugar, and can cause chronic inflammation and obesity. In addition to this, new research proves that the cookies stimulate neurons in the pleasure center of the brain, the same way drugs like cocaine and morphine do.  Cream cookies may also contain hydrogenated oils rich in trans-fat, which is especially deadly and can cause heart disease and type 2 diabetes. The American concept of cookie milkshake, now also popular in the markets of various other countries, consists of whole milk, cream cookies, cream, chocolate and additional sugar, leaving it with 135 grams of fat, including 2.5 grams of trans-fats, 263 grams of sugars, and 1700 milligrams of sodium.


He Wouldn’t Hurt A Fly?

Google “Barack Obama PETA”, and there you have it. The organization People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), in 2009, was the subject of great mockery. In an interview, US president Barack Obama swatted a fly. People teased PETA saying it would be disappointed by it. It was, and there’s nothing funny about it.

PETA still defended itself saying Barack Obama “wasn’t a Buddha, he was a human” and so on. For the second time in my life, I disagree with PETA. No human, Buddha or not, should harm a living creature unless absolutely necessary. Why? Because humans have the concept of compassion. Non-humans don’t have the thinking capability of humans – for them, only survival is important, and it’s not their fault.

I’m sure I’ll be treated with great mockery because of this, but I don’t care. A fly isn’t “pesky”. If a fly is annoying, humans are outright cruel. Many supporters of anthropocentrism (belief that humans are superior to all other species) say “if humans destroy other beings while destroying themselves, then so be it as they too will be affected.”

If anyone follows that moral, then humans should be allowed to murder people they love: after all, they too will be emotionally affected. So, let’s make this clear: a fly is a better creature than a human ever is, and, if humans can hurt a fly, then let us have the same fate.


The Aryan Theory – Fact or Fantasy

Around the time the Indus Valley Civilization declined, new groups of people came into the Indian subcontinent from the northwest. Historians call these people the Aryans. We have learnt almost everything we know about the Aryans from their sacred religious books called the Vedas. This period of Indian history is therefore known as the Vedic period. Where did they come from? The Aryans are thought to have originated in the areas surrounding the Caspian Sea in southern Russia. They were basically pastoralists. When pasture land became scarce in their homeland, groups of Aryans are believed to have left their homeland in search of fresh pastures for their cattle. Some groups went westwards, towards Europe, and some, through Persia and Afghanistan, moved to India.
_Getting Ahead In Social Science With CCE, Grade 6, by Vijaya Sridharan, Hemalatha Seshadri and Mahalakshmi Ramjee

PictureFriedrich Max Müller

Friedrich Max Müller proposed the Aryan Invasion Theory in the 19th Century. The Aryan Invasion Theory claims that a nomadic tribe from Central Asia or Southern Europe, referred to by historians and archaeologists as Aryans, deriving from the Sanskritic term aryameaning noble, along with newly mined iron and horses, arrived at what is now Afghanistan at around 1700 B.C., with a new set of languages, including Sanskrit, Prakrit and Pali. 
The source for this study derives primarily from linguistics, with linguistic and etymological similarities in language structure, grammar, nomenclature and particular words, all deriving from a Proto-Indo-European language (as is the more appropriate and archaeologically appreciated term for Aryans – Proto-Indo-European) that evolved originally into the Sanskritic tongue. Words such as maatrpitr and deva are similar to various European tongues, and this linguistic evidence, along with study of the Rig Veda, first of the four holy scriptures of the Hindu religion known as the Vedas. 
Max Müller, well versed in the Sanskritic tongue, studied the Rig Veda but, due to less understanding of Sanskrit in the 19th century, took a few derivations that he claimed were in alignment with his largening Aryan theory, such as the Ganges in the Rig Veda being more important than the holiest river as known now in the Rig Veda, the Saraswati (claimed by various archaeologists and historians to be the Ghaggar Hakkra river). 
This fairly adequate research in the archaeology of pottery, linguistics and etymology allowed Max Müller to have sufficient evidence to prove the advent of the Proto-Indo-European peoples who either invaded or settled in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India, during what was then the Indus-Saraswati Valley Civilization. 
According to the Aryan theory, the Proto-Indo-Europeans drove the original inhabitants of the largest blooming civilization south beyond the Vindhya ranges, called the Dasyu, commoners, and the current genetic races of Eurasia are primarily bloomed in the Proto-Indo-Europeans.


The Proto-Indo-European Invasion Theory is currently the most widely accepted theory by archaeologists, linguistic analysts and historians, despite new theories which have sprung over the years. Even so, no genetic research was possible in the 19th century, and with lack of genetic evidence, the people of the 21st century realized the theory had not been proven by genetics, and comparison with the Rig Veda gave barely traces of hints about the Aryan Theory, but even those hints were not sure.
Therefore, the question arises – Proto-Indo-European Settlement/Invasion Theory: fact or fiction? 

Hence, in 2009, the Banaras Hindu University conducted an inter-continental research in cellular molecular biology and genetics by using low resolution genetic markers. Later, in 2011, they used high-resolution autosomes, all 23 major genetic chromosomes, to conduct a superb inter-continental research that disproved the Aryan theory genetically, by proving no gene mixtures in India for 60,000 years. 
The only evidence for the Proto-Indo-European Theory is linguistics, but cutting-edge technology has proven the Proto-Indo-European Settlement/Invasion Theory and genetic spread incorrect. 
The group of scientists from around the world include Dr. Gyaneshwar Chaubey, from the Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, Estonia, Professor Lalji Singh from the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad, India, and Dr. Kumarasamy Thangaraj, a senior scientist at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology. 

Even so, one may question how to explain various verses in the Rig Veda, and a certain difference in beliefs occur within the peoples of the time. 
For instance, the Rig Veda calls Indra, King of the Devas, Purandara, from pura, city and andara, annihilator, hence the destroyer of cities. It mentions the Aryas, nobles, opposing the Dasyu in strife. The tales of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana pose similar questions. Historians suggest the Mahabharata is a tale of the initial inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization, losing to the invading Aryans. The same is suggested for the Æsir-Vanir war, a mythical Norse war that occurred between two groups of deities. 
A theory is supported in this article. 
In the texts of Hinduism, there are two races of deities – the Asuras (often translated as ‘demons’) and the Devas (translated as ‘celestials’). In the Puranic theology, the Asuras are greedy, evil, and ruthless, and oppose the celestials, the virtuous and just Devas. Even so, in the stories that make up the precise theology, even though Asuras are referred to as ‘evil’ and the Devas as ‘good’, the Devas seem to perform cowardly, villainous acts, while the Asuras act just and noble, hence causing many people to, within their personal emotions, label Devas as ‘evil’ and Asuras as ‘good’. This caused the transition of the Asura-Deva conflict in Zoroastrianism, where the Ahuras are labeled ‘good’ and the Daevas labeled ‘evil’. For those who pity the ‘good’ Asuras, there is a historically plausible version where the Asuras are the original inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization, while the Devas are the invading Aryans, according to the Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Indo-Iranian Theory, where the Aryans, derived from Sanskrit Arya, meaning noble, invade and destroy the civilization. Further support to this theory is that Indra, king of the celestials, is referred to as Purandara, meaning ‘the destroyer of cities’, and the linguistic connections between European, Iranian and Indian languages. In addition to this, there is some disputed archaeological evidence found through pottery. To further add to the Asura-Deva split, there is a Nordic conflict between deities – the Æsir-Vanir conflict. The word Æsir is etymologically similar to Asura. This, along with striking similarities between the mythologies of various countries, further supports the Aryan Theory.

In 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013, a group of scientists used cutting-edge technology, archaeology and genetics to completely disprove the Aryan theory. But there is still vast historical evidence for the Asura-Deva conflict. So, what was this conflict based on? Where, and when did it take place? And how did the rest of the world get to know about it?

There is another theory, hardly supported by historians and scholars, referred to as the India Urheimat, Indigenous Aryan, or Out of India Theory, which suggests that people from India migrated to other nations. There is evidence both for and against it, but neither side is as convincing as the debate about the Proto-Indo-European Theory, which has finally ended.

Linguistic evidence for the OI Theory includes the name Scandinavia possibly deriving from Skanda, the son of Rudra or Agni in Vedic scriptures. Genetic evidence has been published, but there is no proof from perfect calculations or cutting-edge technology.

Hence, for now, let us partially, if not wholly, discredit that theory.

Considering the contradictions in Hindu scriptures, let us take older, more trustworthy versions; discrediting the Puranas is necessary, as the Puranas are possibly largely Christian-influenced, but this tale happens much before Christianity emerged. The oldest Hindu scripture is the Rig Veda, where neither Asuras nor Devas are portrayed with extreme, probably nonexistent concepts such as ‘good’ and ‘evil’. The Asuras, there, are deities of society, moral law, humanity, anthropology and culture, while the Devas are deities of natural forces beyond human control.

We can thus maintain that the Asuras were technologically advanced tribes who wanted to do away with simple rural or agrarian hierarchies, and form civilization, while the Devas do not want this advancement, due to:

a)      tough socio-economic changes, and unknown political hierarchies, and thus fear of the lack of the adaptation for common people

b)      belief that sudden advancement was impossible

c)      hesitance for causing the destruction of natural habitats, wildlife et cetera

Some Devas, thus, became eco-terrorists, wishing to maintain a rural, tribal way of life, still sophisticated in the rising economical and technological change, yet not through civilization.

An example from mythology on the conflict is the story of the destruction of the Kandava forest by Arjuna and Krishna, famous heroes of the Mahabharata, along with the fire-deity and Asura god Agni. The Devas, under Indra, oppose this destruction of forests, and attempt to stop it.

Despite Puranic texts maintaining that Krishna was a Deva, the Rig Veda mentions Krishna as an Asura enemy of Indra.

Even so, a problem encountered is thus: Agni, in the first verse of the Rig Veda, is called the seer Angiras; even so, while Angiras and his grandson Brghu seem to have Asura viewpoints, the Bhargava-Angirasas, descendants of Brghu, seem to have Deva viewpoints, as does Ghora Angirasa, mentioned in the Chandogya Upanishad as the preceptor to Krishna.

Thus, we can conclude that various descendants of Asura or Deva tribes may have different viewpoints, as is the political situation today.

There is proof concerning the Indus Valley Civilization being the originator of the Rig and Atharva Vedas, as well as the earlier Upanishads.

Despite historians initially saying the residents of the IVC were not nature-lovers, there is evidence, including the Pashupati seal, saying that it was separated – there were even vegetarians amongst the residents of the IVC; the Devas were, probably, vegetarians.

The Sramana tradition, which supports the belief of biocentrism ethically, saying that animals are as socially and morally important in society, were major parts of the Devas, leading ancients who followed the Sramana tradition being Ghora Angirasa, who is often believed to be the Jain Tirthankara known as Neminath, and Rishabha, the first Jain Tirthankara, often believed to be the historical Shiva himself, Shiva being a major deity in Hinduism; Rishabha is depicted as a Deva through the Pashupati Seal, discovered in Mohenjo Daro, where he is shown as the ‘protector of nonhuman organisms’. In Vedic religion, Shiva is referred to as Varuna, lord of the seas.

Rudra, or Shiva, has earned the name of Pashupati, protector of nonhuman organisms, where pati derives from the root pa, to defend, or to protect, and pasu means nonhuman organism, initially meaning cow. This may affirm he was a Deva. His twin form, Mrigavyadha, is referred to be more Asura-like, Mrigavyadha meaning hunter of beasts, from mriga, deer, or beast, andvyadha, hunter. Perhaps he had a brother who opposed him, or vice versa, which is more likely i.e. Rishabha opposed his brother. Pashupati can also refer to his support of fertility cults, i.e. the Devas.

Shiva, in mythology, is husband to the goddess Durga, who is Prakriti, nature. This may be metaphor for him supporting the forest tribes.

The Asuras wished to make Dakshinavarta, the lands south of Vindhyas, and all remaining wild or rural areas throughout the land of Bharata, into proper, prospering cities. The propagation of civilization was the ultimate aim of the Asuras, thus resulting in socio-economic progress. The nation of Panchala was an Asura nation, thus giving it support from majority of the Yadu tribes and the sons of Pandu. The Devas were scientists and intellectuals who believed that wild areas were necessary for preservation of various ecosystems; ecologists who wished against the conversion of wild areas to cities.

In Vedic  culture, the Asuras were gods of moral law, order and culture, while the Devas were gods of nature. The Asuras, historically speaking, probably wanted the IVC to expand further, causing encroachment of villages, rural areas and forests.

The Devas, consisted of tribes such as the terrible Rakshasas of legend (often referred to as Rikshasas; Vriksha, or tree people), Kirat, Kimpurush, Kinnar, and the horse-bringers of Gandhara, the Gandharvas, who in mythology too brought horses. They opposed this newly emerging feudal hierarchy, as the nation-states flourished, with Dwaraka becoming a naval power.

The southern kingdom, such as the kings of the monkey-banner from Kishkinda (referred to in the myths as Vanaras, literally ‘monkeys’), and the Pandyas, Cheras, Cholas and the Bhargava-Angirasas, under the famed mythical Rama Jamadagneya, alongside the kings of Kalinga, and the eastern kingdoms of Anga, Vanga, earlier Kashi and Kosala, as well as Magadha supported the Deva conflict, as did the kings of the northeast, except Naraka.

The Deva-Asura conflict is similar to the Æsir-Vanir War, in essence, the Kurukshetra War, where the fertility deities, Vanir, are defeated by the Æsir.

Evidence suggests the Mahabharata, historically, was older than the Ramayana (a theory derived from Yuganta, by Irawati Karve). The Kuru kingdom flourished around 1400 BCE-800 BCE, and an estimation, from dates taken from texts that say that the epic took place 1150 years before the ascension of Mahapadma Nanda (382 BCE). Carbon-dating of a piece of wood from Dwaraka, along with some pottery, suggests a similar date for the Mahabharata, and hence the Ramayana might have happened around 1000 BCE – 700 BCE.

Of the foreigners, the Yavanas, Greeks, were divided amongst who to support – most supported Asuras, but some, like Kala-Yavana, supported the Devas under Emperor Jarasandha.

In the Kurukshetra War, evidence suggests that the Pandavas were Asura-supporters. The Rig Veda says ‘Amongst the Asura enemies of Indra, is Krishna of Darkness’. Krishna was a pupil of Ghora Angirasa, though they were of the same age, and cousins. Acharya Ghora’s marriage was arranged by Krishna, but Ghora, seeing the slaughter of animals, boiled in fury, stopped the slaughter, and retreated into the woods, according to later Jain texts.

Further evidence for Krishna being an Asura is provided in the Mahabharata’s Adi Parva, in the chapter called ‘Kandava-Daha’, where Krishna destroys the forest of Kandava to build a city.

Thus, the Aryan theory is disproved wholly.

The Goddess and the Avatars of Vishnu

The avatars of Vishnu are complex in their own way, with various questions to be asked about them.

Of Matsya, Kurma, Varaha and Narsimha, nothing is to be asked, as they all are simple avatars – they perform their karma swiftly, before ascending to Vaikunt as Narayana again.

Vaman is the first confusing avatar.

He is a traditional upholder of a rigid caste system. What is the reason for the hereditary caste system? In today’s world, ‘caste’ is a distasteful term. The avatars of Vishnu, actually, refer to different time periods.

Matsya, Kurma, Varaha and Narsimha deal with solely evolution – invertebrates in water and land, followed by amphibians and reptiles, their gradual evolution to the mammal, as a boar, and then, the evolution of man through the genus Homo, as in a lion-man.

Vaman is from the period of time when the hereditary caste system was a necessity. Civilization had begun, and the concept of ‘help the helpless’ had become important, as opposed to Matsya nyaya, where might is right, the law of the jungle.

Animals practicing the law of the jungle is not sin – it is nature, born through instinct. The only reasons animals may be considered dangerous are: when they feel threatened, in self defense, out of sheer hunger, in pain, or in psychological disability, as in elephants in musth, or, occasionally, when they feel an emotion animals normally do not experience: the simplest form of innocent rage.

Therefore, animals are, no matter what, considered innocent in comparison to their actions. Humans, though, are questionable, and are guilty unless psychologically or physically unwell.

That is why rules were created, and thus, division of labour. Ambition could not be entertained solely because even a brilliant child needs upbringing to the same level, and therefore, the caste system, of occupations – scholars, and people related to knowledge, politicians and warriors, businesses and traders, and servants, charioteers, cowherds and agriculturists were separated.

A hierarchy was created as people needed knowledge the most, followed by leadership, followed by money, and then service.

For the sake of a proper upbringing, Vaman, who stands for that period of time, upholds the caste system.

Then, there is Parashuram.

Parashuram stands for a time when the scholars, the brahamanas, were being opposed by the kshatriyas, warriors and politicians. The Yadava clan, to which Krishna, an avatar of Vishnu, belonged, had a chief named Arjuna Kartavirya, the son of Kritavirya.

He was a Chandravanshi, eternal enemy of the Ikshwaku race of Suryavanshi kings. The Chandravanshi dynasty, in particular, opposed brahamanas, turning the tables of the caste system, the highest being the kshatriyas, followed by the vaishya race of merchants and traders, followed by the sudra race of agriculturists, hunters and servants, and the discriminated brahamanas.

In this period, the kshatriyas had become too powerful, and Parashuram must stop discrimination of brahamanas by staunchly opposing the kshatriya race. Even so, the curious Parashuram also questions the brahamana concepts, not upholding the caste system to be hereditary and rigid, as in the times of Vaman. Even so, he does not speak out his doubts, as he knows that the rigid caste system is still pertaining to the moral order of the times.

When Arjuna Kartavirya ruthlessly steals from Jamadagni, a scholar-seer and Parashuram’s father, and insults Renuka, Parashuram’s mother, a kshatriya of the Suryavanshi race, Parashuram alone attacks Mahismati, the Yadava capital, kills Kartavirya, and comes back with the cow stolen by Kartavirya, as well as the little wealth belonging to Jamadagni, then stolen too by Kartavirya.

Kartavirya’s sons then plunder the ashram of Jamadagni and kill him, leaving Renuka to weep in despair. Wanting to uphold social order by rearranging the occupational caste system, Parashuram breaks social order himself, by taking up arms, as a kshatriya from his mother’s blood, and twenty-one times laying siege to kingdoms where brahamanas are discriminated, defeating the discriminators, with an axe.

Then there is Ram, who lived in a society where the rigid caste system was being questioned, and with the evolution of society, the caste system did not fully uphold social order, with the discrimination of the sudra castes.

Ram wishes to uphold the concept of rules, even if it involves breaking social order – he defies the caste system, despite not breaking it himself, and accepts all points of view.

He upholds truth, honour and peace, and is maryada purushottam, the man who upholds ideals and rules. Even the dark side of rules, where they are unfair but still must be utilised to maintain social order, is followed by Ram.

Ram is an epitome of perfection and rules, rules that may break and reform social order itself. He allows himself to suffer to be a role model of truth and oaths, but crushes anything that breaks social order ruthlessly, such as during the beheading of Shambuka, the sudra who wishes to be a scholar.

Even though acts of Ram may be considered slightly bad, they were a necessity for the greater good.

The next avatar of Vishnu is Krishna. By this time, even rules had become inflexible, and therefore, for the greater good, Krishna breaks rules. He is leela purushottam, who upholds the ideals of life in a simple and understandable way. He breaks rules by saving Panchali when she is being disrobed, and unfairly breaks social order slightly for the greater good.

Then, there is the Buddha, who completely destroys the social order and reconstructs it in a completely different way.

But, in order to uphold, support, protect, make flexible and destroy the social order, one must have a strong reason, a strong form of support.

Thus does the Goddess make her role.

In the Vaman avatar, Vishnu shows his supreme form to the asura Mahabali. Here, only the Goddess is not present in this form – she appears separately, destroying the evil asuras personally.

In the Parashuram avatar, she is the mother, who is silent to it all, but is neither the demure Gauri nor the terrible Kali – she is the in-between. She commits sin, and Parashuram punishes her for that slightest of sins, to prove that even terrible sins must be committed to uphold social order in that time, where Parashuram commits the crime of maa-hatya, killing the mother, when he beheads Renuka, only for her to rise again.

Thus is the Goddess the earth.

If the earth is destroyed, she rises again, but her creatures are affected.

In the Ram avatar, the Goddess is Sita. Sita may be seen as the demure, gentle Gauri – she is found by Janak, the rajah of Mithila, when they begin agriculture in the land of Mithila, and therefore, she represents the cultivated, fertile earth, tamed by mankind.

She silently bears all the pain – of exile, capture, rejection, death.

Even so, she finally displays her purity by going back whence she came, to the earth. But not before proving she can become the terrible Kali.

After abduction and freedom from the rakshasa king Ravan, Ram wishes to leave her free, as he is unsure of her purity.

She silently undergoes agni pariksha, by surviving the flame, and proving her purity to Ram. Then the asura brother of Ravan appears to take revenge for the death of Ravan. He attacks and defeats Ram; then, the demure Gauri becomes the violent Kali – as Durga, the Goddess, Sita kills Ravan’s brother, proving her power.

As Draupadi, the Goddess is Vishnu’s friend, not his husband. Draupadi and Krishna are mere friends – but Draupadi’s five husbands have no power to help her, and she thus turns to Krishna, who aids her. Where Sita is Gauri, Draupadi can be seen as the fearsome Kali, wishing for vengeance and the blood of those who insulted her.

The Goddess proves her ruthlessness with this form, ensuring people are terrified of her. Once, when the Pandavas, her husbands, discover that Draupadi is in love with somebody else, while in the forest, they abandon her.

She accepts it as the demure Gauri, and wanders on her own, when Yudhishtir asks for her again. Then, she reveals to him her form as Goddess, and as Kali, defeats the Pandavas.

She ties her hair in Dushasan’s blood, using Dushasan’s entrails as bands, showing her ruthlessness once more.

The Goddess proves to Vishnu that she is powerful enough to destroy the world.

A myth goes that Barbarika, grandson of Bhim, is the only one who watches the Mahabharata war fully, and is the perfect judge. When asked about what he saw, he replies that he saw only Krishna and his Sudarshan chakra destroying the troops of Kuru, and Draupadi emerging from the earth drinking their blood.

The strongest warriors alone are killed by Draupadi personally.

Therefore, here Draupadi represents the untamed forestland in earth – the weak ones fall to people who prefer this earth, i.e. Vishnu, while the strongest are still prey to nature.

In the Buddha avatar, Buddha abandons his wife and practises discrimination, until his wife guides him to the right way.

Thus, the Goddess impacts avatars of Vishnu majorly.

Noetic Science in Vedic Times

Noetic Science, or Noetics, is a new cutting-edge discipline that studies the physics behind psychology and the science behind ancient texts and scriptures. The Institute of Noetic Sciences is a non-profit research organization founded by astronaut and Noetic scientist Edgar Mitchell, part of the Apollo Mission. Noetics studies concepts such as yoga, consciousness, intellectual capability and thoughts and the mind. Noetic Science made fame when featured in Dan Brown’s fifth novel,The Lost Symbol, and is now known to many science nerds and physicists alike.
The Bhagavad Gita is a true hoard of information on Noetics. 
Here, therefore, is my rendering of the Bhagavad Gita, an unexpected reinterpretation: 

Krishna gazed at Arjuna, his eyes sparkling.
“Yes, Arjuna?” Krishna prompted. 
A teardrop emerged from Arjuna’s eye. His fist was gripping a bow. The bow read: Gandiva. 
Gandiva, the dark bow of the great sage Nara himself, one of the two fragments forged from Kodanda. 
He dropped Gandiva. 
“Why?” Krishna demanded. 
“My kin…Bhisma, the Grandsire, Dron and Kripa, my teachers, Duryodhana, Dussasan, Vikarnan and the rest of my cousins…I cannot fight those I love. When I look at the army, I remember my calling Bhisma ‘Father’, my joys with Dron and Kripa, my playtime with Kritavarman, who is your own cousin…it is impossible to fight them, Krishna,” Arjuna said. 
Krishna was patient as ever, listening. 
Then, he replied, “Arjuna, this war is not to curb Dharma Yudhisthir’s ambition…nay, he has no ambition at all to curb. This war is to preserve our way of life, and, above all, the greater good. Remember, Arjuna, you are gods, gods fighting a war. And gods must not stray from the path of duty.” 
“Gods? We are mere men, Krishna. We are men who worship gods!” Arjuna replied. 
“Yes, we are living beings, Arjuna, and that is what makes us gods.” 
“But…gods are myth! There is no proof as to whether they exist or not! And we cannot perform miracles,” Arjuna added skeptically. 
“Listen, Arjuna. When I say you are capable of cooking, I am not lying. You are capable…you just need to manifest that existent capability with practice. Our very thoughts have mass, and exert minuscule amounts of gravity. Hence, this can have an actual physical impact on the actual world. You must have seen yogis, meditating on the Great White Mountains – why, your grandfather, Krishna Dwaipayana Vyasa, himself is one…and he is now above one-hundred-and-twenty-five years old. How is it possible? The power of the mind, which is manas, atman and prana together, creates a physical veil of weblike tissue in his mind. This allows longer lives due to production of cells. You have heard of ojas or soma? The Elixir of Immortality is a metaphor for the rare brain secretion. The entangled thoughts create the mind, a very physical substance. Multiplied minds multiply energy exponentially; two minds are many, many times greater than one. That is your atman. Matter, energy, antimatter, anti-energy, dark matter, dark energy, time, the balance…they are all often part or products of the mind. This is realization. All life forms know everything there is…it is just locked within the barriers of the mind, the barriers of the marshy thickets of memory. Hence, am the knowledge; so are you. The knowledge lies within us, and forms existence itself, for thoughts are comprised of assumptions, opinions, theories, association and visualization, all forms of knowledge. And the mind is knowledge. I am the knowledge. 
“The passage of time goes on eternally. Time, metaphorically speaking, is death, razer of realms. Time is interlinked with the balance, and can be seen as an actual physical force that absorbs worlds as a black hole uses gravity to suck in any form of matter, energy, antimatter or anti-energy. Time is Vishnu. Vishnu, or Vasudeva Narayana, weaver of illusions, is a person who fights for his way of life to prevail for the sake of overall righteousness. Morality is a subtle thing; morality is never definitive. Extremes such as good and evil, right and wrong, are nonexistent… Morality is subjective to time. And we are Vishnu. To create, we often need to destroy. I am Vishnu, destroyer of worlds. I am Time, destroyer of dimensions, waster of worlds, destroyer of dimensions, descending from eternity to raze all realms; except those who fight for the side in which subjective morality is present, none in any war, none in the infinite cosmos shall be spared. Now, I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds; I shall engage those against my way of life, as for that I am come. So shall you. I am an illusion, as are the things I have done, and yet I am also weaver of illusions. I am the herder of cows, Govinda. As Govinda, I restore order from chaos. Great scion of the Bharata race, whenever subjective morality is threatened, Vishnu shall restore order from chaos. I am Vishnu, so are you. I am the light. I am the Primordial Being, Existence itself, as Panchali is Sri. 
“I am Brahman, the multiverse itself. So are you. Aham Brahmasmi, Tat Tvam Asi. Each blazing fire, the soma or ojas, the focus, concentration and power within meditation; that blazing fire that sparks within us as ideas and thoughts, even mere fragments of imagination thrust out as opinions from our vast, complicated, intricate mind – I am that, as well as the nature itself, the force of the earth. So are you. 
“What they did to Panchali Draupadi was unrighteous. It was morally incorrect. When I, the cunning, scheming, ruthless Krishna…when you, the proud, vain Arjuna…when the foolish Yudhisthir…when we refused to see reason, Sri descended upon earth as Panchali to separate right from wrong in this present era. 
“That is why you must fight. Pick up your bow, and perform your duty. Be the ideal one. For Panchali Draupadi.”  

Rama and Rama: the prince and the sage

Rama Chandra Dasharath-putra Kaushalya-putra Raghava, of the Ikshwaku clan of the Suryavanshi dynasty, along with his brother Lakshman Dasharath-putra Saumitrin Raghava, trained under the seer-mage, or rshi, Vishwamitra Kaushika. Vishwamitra summoned them for defending the twelve-year-long sacrifice Vishwamitra was conducting, from the Rakshas hordes protecting the forest from the sacrificial flames, and their way of life. The Rakshas hordes were led by the beautiful Queen Tataka. Rama killed Tataka, and, along with Lakshman, learned the Maha-mantra Gayatri, that summoned the Maha-Brahman-Shakti of Bala and Atibala, giving nigh-omnipotence in battle. Using this, Lakshman and Rama killed Tataka’s son, Subahu, with the Agneya-astra, the astra of the Firelord Agni, and forced Subahu’s younger, more powerful brother, Mareech, to a retreat with the Purusha-astra, or the Manava-astra, charged with the power of the Solar Dynasty.
After this, Vishwamitra took Rama and Lakshman to Mithila, capital of Videha, where the swyam-vara of King Janak’s daughter, heir to the throne of Videha, the warrior-princess Sita Vaidehi Janaki was taking place. The conquest was to string the Pinaka Bow of Rudra, which was nigh-impossible to lift; the feat had been accomplished by Sita herself.
The Bow had been used by Rudra to raze Tripura, the three cities of Tarakaksha, Vidyunmali and Kamalaksh, the sons of Tarakasura. Rama succeeded where all others failed, but broke the bow in the process. The bow reforged, and was sent back to Rudra’s abode at Kailash.
Hearing the destruction of the bow, Rama Jamadagneya, chieftain of the Bhargava-Angirasa clan of scholar-warriors, descendant of Kavi Brghu – the son of Agni the Firelord, better known to itihasa (history) by a much more fearsome name: Parashurama, emerged as the marriage procession proceeded to Ayodhya, capital of Kosala, where Rama lived with his father, King Dasharath.
Parashurama challenged Rama to a duel, after giving him an ancient bow – Kodanda.
“Eons ago,” he said, “Vishwakarman, the architect of the gods, forged two invincible bows – the Bow of Rudra, Pinaka, used by him to raze the three cities of Tripura, the bow you destroyed, and the Bow of Narayana, Kodanda, the bow I have given you. Narayana and Rudra once dueled using their bows, and Narayana’s bow overcame Rudra the Annihilator himself. Rudra later equaled Narayana in another duel, but before that, he gave his bow to Janak, King of Videha, and Narayana gave his bow to me. Now, I have given you this bow. I shall use my dev astra, the Battleaxe of Destruction given to me by Shiva Rudra the Destroyer, razer of Tripura, and duel you, Rama Chandra. Thus, has Bhargava Parashurama Jamadagneya Chyavanya spoken.”
Vashishta, eldest son of Bramha the Creator, a preceptor to Rama and senior-most among seer-mages, greater in power and tapasya than Parashurama himself, declared that the duel was to happen, and Rama and Parashurama faced each other.
Rama chanted the Gayatri Mantra, summoning the energies of Bala and Atibala, and pulled the string of Kodanda, as the twang filled the universe with the primordial sound – Aum A-Ka-Ho Sa-Ri-Ga-Ma-Pa-Da-Ni, and all shlokas and mantras, all syllables, words and possible sounds, silence and entropy, everything, reflected in that single sound.
Parashurama chanted the invincible shloka of Rudra, charging the Axe of Destruction with the Pashupata-astra; then, with an unmistakable screech of delight, the dev astra controlled its own movements, striking and seriously injuring Rama twice.
Rama, undeterred, determined to win, sent the Manava-astra at Parashurama, but it was easily blocked and destroyed by the omnipotence of Pashupati, the protector of creatures, Rudra himself.
Then, Rama summoned his danava-destroying chakra, Sudarshana. The sky, veiled by crow-black clouds, flashed a blinding light, and Sudarshana descended as if fixed to a rigid pole. It fixed itself to Rama’s finger, and spun in immeasurable speed, the indestructable weapon made of a metal unknown to mortal science, of blazing golden hue, equal in luster to Jatavedas, the refulgent Agni himself, and to Surya, Vivasvat himself, progenitor of the Solar Dynasty.
The thirty-three razor-sharp blades hit each other, the friction creating a keening edge to each of the jagged spikes. Then, in one of his omnipotent forms as Achyuta the Imperishable, with the strength of a thousand elephants, Rama released the chakra. With an unmistakable screech of delight, the dev astra descended upon Parashurama of the Axe. Parashurama’s battleaxe, charged with the Pashupata-astra, hit the Sudarshana Chakra, charged with the Vaishnava-astra.
The two dev astras collided, and Parashurama was pushed backward, as the axe flung of Bhargava’s grip, as Rama Chandra was declared the victor.

The Best Non-Reference Books Ever [Part Two]

10. The Da Vinci Code – by Dan Brown – an ancient organization called the Priory of Sion has held an ancient, terrible secret that could crumple the foundations of Christianity for ages, with powerful Grand Masters such as Sir Isaac Newton, Sir Victor Hugo and Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci. The last Grand Master of the Priory is killed by a violent hand, a mastermind who propels things in motion as a Council of Shadows within the Vatican prelature known as the Opus Dei conspires to destroy the secret entirely and crush the Priory forever…Harvard symbologist Robert Langdon is now accused of murder by the French Direction Centrale Police Judiciare, and with the aid of cryptologist Sophie Neveu, must decipher his way through a treasure-hunt of clues to guard the secret protected for ages, a secret that could crumble all religious sects of Christianity itself…

9. Eragon – by Christopher Paolini – simple farmboy Eragon discovers a mysterious polished stone while hunting the dangerous stretch of mountains in his land of Alagaesia known as the Spine… From the stone comes forth a large blue dragon, Saphira, and Eragon becomes a Dragon Rider, one of the last seen since cruel emperor Galbatorix sanctioned a scourge against the Dragon Riders; the rebel organization known as the Varden joins Eragon, along with the magical races of elves and dwarves, eternal enemies united for the first time, along with Eragon’s friend Murtagh, to save an elf named Arya and defeat the Urgal forces of Galbatorix who are bound by the magic of a mysterious Shade; the Shade must be killed somehow and Saphira and Eragon must be saved from the wrath of the universe’s most powerful magician: Galbatorix.

8. Eldest – by Christopher Paolini – Eragon and his dragon, Saphira, have saved the rebel-state from destruction by the forces of the cruel ruler of the Empire of Alagaesia, King Galbatorix. Now, Eragon must train further in magic and swordsmanship under the magical race of immortals called elves at Ellesmera. Eragon’s brother, Roran, though, is hunted by the forces of the Empire as well as the Raz’ac, the same race that killed Eragon’s mentor Brom. An unlikely enemy must reveal himself as Eragon finds the secret of his bloodline unleashed by a man thought to be a friend.

7. The Warlock – by Michael Scott – eons ago lived the powerful mystic Abraham the Mage on the Shadowrealm isle of Danu Talis; he compiled an ancient book, the Book of Abraham the Mage, better known as the Codex, which contained the recipe for a serum that allowed immortality. With its help, Nicholas and Perenelle Flamel have been Immortals without the help of gods. The ancient race of the Elders, youngest race of the gods, born after Earthlords, Ancients and Archons, but before Humani, are split in war, the Dark Elders wishing to save the Shadowrealm of Danu Talis from destruction. An ancient prophecy foretells of the Twins of Legend, with Gold and Silver auras, discovered by the Flamels as Josh and Sophie Newman, who must destroy Danu Talis. Nicholas and Perenelle start losing immortality when magician Dr. John Dee steals it from them, and the war must be won…and the world is in the need of a waerloga, a Warlock, a traitor, again…

6. The Lord of the Rings – by J.R.R. Tolkien – in the old mystical land of Middle-earth, the Dark Lord Sauron rallies his forces and allies and gathers the powerful and mystical Rings of Power; except for the most powerful Ring, forged by Sauron himself, the Ring that corrupts its wearer and turns the wearer invisible: the One Ring to Rule Them All, as called in the ancient prophecy – “Three Rings for the Elven-kings under the sky, Seven for the Dwarf-lords in their halls of stone, Nine for Mortal Men doomed to die, One for the Dark Lord on his dark throne in the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie. One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them in the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie.” The powerful wizard Gandalf recruits Hobbits Frodo Baggins and his servant Samwise Gangee to undertake a quest to destroy the One Ring before the Enemy, the Dark Lord, finds it, with the aid of Hobbits Meriadoc Brandybuck and Peregrin Took.

5. Deception Point – by Dan Brown – Milne Ice Shelf, Arctic Circle: a shocking new discovery is uncovered by scientists at NASA, and intelligence analyst Rachele Sexton, oceanographer and television celebrity Michael Tolland, world-renowned astrophysicist Corky Marlinson, doctorate glaciologist Norah Mangor, and palaeontologist Dr. Wailee Ming are summoned by the President of the United States of America to investigate. But the investigation leads to a blood-chilling conspiracy that turns the tide of American politics forever, and threatens the life of everyone on the glacier…especially the experts.

4. The Krishna Key – by Ashwin Sanghi – 3112 BC: An enigmatic historical figure named Krishna Vaasudeva is born; the man kills Chief Kans of Surasena, defeats Emperor Jarasandha and leads the warring Yadava tribes to peace. Present Day: The Yadava tribes of Vrishni, Shainya, Kukura, Bhoja and Chedi must rise again in the form of Anil Varshney, Ravi Mohan Saini, Rajaram Kurkude, Nikhil Bhojaraj and Devendra Chhedi to go on a quest and discover the Krishna Key, an ancient secret that will help them against the assassin who believes himself to be Kalki, 10th avatar of Vishnu, and his mentor, a mysterious person who refers herself as Mataji…

3. Kaurava – by Krishna Udayasankar – 2nd millenium BC – Emperor Jarasandha is dead, killed by the conspiring hand of Govinda Shauri, and Aryavarta is under Emperor Dharma Yudhisthir and Empress Panchali Draupadi from the new city of Indr-prastha, built with the blessings and philosophy of the Firstborn, and the might of the destroyed and exiled…the Firewrights. Firewright Devala Asita is released from capture and is aided by a mysterious hand to conspire against the new Secret Keeper of the Firewrights and…Govinda Shauri. Due to feuding cousins, the Empress is forced into a terrifying exile, and Govinda’s nation-state is threatened… All hope rests on Govinda’s cunning; but the need for arms can be taken up only by the young nephew of Govinda, the powerful Abhimanyu Karshni; and Asvattama Bharadvaja cannot hunt the Firewrights again…

2. Govinda – by Krishna Udayasankar – 2nd millenium BC – the ancient nation of Aryavarta, the realm of the noble, is ruled by the ancient dynasties of the Firstborn scholar-seers, descendants of the eldest son of Bramha the Creator, Vashishta Varuna, under a leader with the title of Vyasa; alongside this are the exiled race of Firewrights, master scientists, inventors, architects and forgers, descendants of the youngest son of Bramha the Creator, Agni Angiras, with a leader called the Secret Keeper. Now, the Secret Keeper of the Firewrights, Ghora Angirasa, is killed, and the nation-states are thrust into a war between the central states of Kuru and Panchala against the Imperial Forces of Emperor Jarasandha. And the cause of the war…Jarasandha’s hatred of the nation-state of Dwaraka, under the Council of Dwaraka and Govinda Shauri, Supreme Commander of the Armies of Dwaraka. Govinda Shauri must use all his cunning and tactics to take his country out of a situation that may result in the destruction of Aryavarta through a war between Firstborn and Firewrights

1. The Lost Symbol – by Dan Brown – this exhilarating thriller-adventure takes Harvard symbologist and iconologist Robert Langdon as he delves into an adventure which takes him to the midst of an ancient organization that guards a secret so powerful that it could change the world forever; his mentor is captured and maimed by a violent hand, and Robert Langdon, along with professional Noetic scientist Katherine Solomon, must race in a blood-chilling journey to crack the code and save the life of Langdon’s mentor, and the legacy of the secret…

Beyond the Number One – Calvin & Hobbes – by Bill Watterson – feeling a chill because of reading a book? Facing two much tension in your gripping novel, or pressurizing work, or emotional weakness? Facing physical pain because of an injury or in fear of anything at all? Presenting the best way to stop all negative thoughts – Calvin & Hobbes, by Bill Watterson, a superb anthology of easily illustrated comic strips of extreme humour and comedy, the six-year-old cynic Calvin, with his stuffed tiger Hobbes, will lighten your hearts; an excellent in-between-books reader, Calvin & Hobbes is to books what coffee beans are to cologne.

The Drakon Dimensions Hexalogy – Book 1 – Apotheosis

Dear viewers,

This is the gist of the first novel in the series I am writing, The Drakon Dimensions Hexalogy. It will probably be done by March 1st 2014; I hope it will be on all your bookshelves then!

The gods are rising…

An ancient war between to powerful clans of mages goes on; the danger is greater when the Omnipotent Elves, known better as gods, prepare to rise from the magical veil created by the first Eternal Dragons of the ancient organization known as the Dragon Warlocks to restrain them…

The two allegiances attempt to recruit six new and powerful young mages, Jason, Zana, Nex, Shada, Zayn and Zara.

Caught in the middle of a full-fledged magical war, the six must choose a side to give their allegiance and train quickly as a group of killers of unknown allegiance are after them, sent by a mysterious warlord who identifies himself as the Potent Lord…

In this war, the six must face dangerous mystical creatures, powerful sorcerers and the armies of ancient lands, in a dimension where surviving is killing…and they must negotiate for peace in a land where peace…is violent.

This epic fantasy novel is truly a lightning bolt of an action adventure…but the worst to come is a choice between annihilation and sacrifice…the ultimate sacrifice.

I hope you will enjoy the novel, and the other five to come.

The Ten Best Books Ever [Exclusive of Reference Books]


10. Sita: An Illustrated Retelling of the Ramayana by Devdutt Pattanaik – a girl saved from soil is responsible for the destruction of the nigh-omnipotent Rakshasa king Ravana; who was this remarkable mythological woman, the true protoganist of te Ramayana itself? Mythologist and leadership consultant Dr. Devdutt Pattanaik reveals the true power of Sita, the powerful but wronged form of the Goddess herself.

9. Eragon – Book 1 of the Inheritance Cycle by Christopher Paolini – simple farmboy Eragon is hunting in the range of mountains known as the Spine, when he finds an orb that propels him into a world of Dragon Riders, dragons, elves, dwarves and magic; now, the Emperor of Alagaesia, Galbatorix, is after him, under his most powerful lieutenant, the second most powerful Shade of all, Durza, and the warlike tribe of the powerful Urgals…Eragon and storyteller Brom journey for safety in an unsafe world…

8. Eldest – Book 2 of the Inheritance Cycle by Christopher Paolini – fantasy at its best, simple farmboy Eragon, now a Dragon Rider, must train under the elves to learn hidden magic necessary to defeat the ruthless emperor of Alagaesia, Galbatorix; but Galbatorix’s forces, and the Raz’ac, prepare not just to kill Eragon, but also his brother, Roran…Whose blood does Eragon truly bear? It is a conspiracy veiled in the most dangerous magic ever, by the first and second most powerful mages…

7. The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien – the true pinnacle of fantasy writing, in this classic, the Dark Lord Sauron, lieutenant of Melkor, has gathered the Rings of Power to his sway, crushing the political power of Numenor – but he has not gotten the most powerful and evil Ring of Power, the One Ring that makes its wearer evil and greedy and allows him to be invisible, tied to Sauron’s own life blood; easy-going and simple Hobbit Frodo Baggins is an unlikely hero who, recruited by the powerful Gandalf the Grey, must find the One Ring: corruption and betrayal forge the path to his survival, where he might meet a horrific end…

6. Deception Point by Dan Brown – a brilliant realistic-fiction, with blood-chilling and heart-racing scientific discoveries in the unhospitable terrain of an ice shelf; intelligence analyst Rachel Sexton and marine biologist Michael Tolland race to reveal a dangerous conspiracy, but the US Delta Force is out to murder them…

5. Kaurava – Book 2 of the Aryavarta Chronicles by Krishna Udayasankar – a superb history thriller of the Mahabharata, which shows Empress Panchali Draupadi in a terrifying exile thanks to a conspiracy hatched by Dussassan Kauravya and perhaps Syoddhan Kauravya, and Govinda Shauri, Supreme Commander of the Armies of Dwaraka thrust into an impossible mission.

4. Govinda – Book 1 of the Aryavarta Chronicles by Krishna Udayasankar – a brilliant mytho-historic fiction with deep conspiracies, and a historical twist to the world’s greatest epic, the Mahabharata itself.

3. The Krishna Key by Ashwin Sanghi – a superb mytho-thriller about Krishna, the Blue Lord who swore to return in his tenth avatar: Kalki, to be Time, the Destroyer of Worlds; an assassin who believes he is Kalki, a symbolist murdered and history professor Ravi Mohan Saini must venture from the coast of Somnath to the chilly winds of Mount Kailash to unravel deeper conspiracies – and this is hard with the police tracking him…

2. The Lost Symbol by Dan Brown – a heart-racing mytho-thriller that shows a dangerous adventure faced by Harvard professor and symbologist Robert Langdon and Noetic scientist Katherine Solomon to defeat a madman who wants to be a god and rescue Katherine’s brother, Peter Solomon, a historian and scientist

1. The Complete Calvin & Hobbes by Bill Watterson – the best book in the world, this hilarious book of newspaper comic strips will cheer you at any book; if you’re too disoriented by work, suffering from pain or haunted by fear, open one of the three volumes of this package, and you’ll burst out laughing, and you’ll be cheered again – truly, Calvin & Hobbes is for books what coffee beans are to deodorants.

Bhagawad Gita Chapter 11 Verse 32

Kalo ‘smi loka kshay krit pravirdho, lokan samahartum iha pravrtthah rte ‘pi tvam na, bhavisyanti sarve, yeh ‘vastitah, pratyanikesu yodhah.

This verse is Bhagawad Gita 11:32. It has become very popular recently. In 1945, Robert J. Oppenheimer, the Father of the Atomic Bomb, quoted this verse in English: “Now I am become death, the destroyer of worlds.” The Enchantress, Book 6 of The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel series by Michael Scott, is a book which has this verse. Marethyu, a major character, says: “Today I am become death, the destroyer of worlds.”

Ashwin Sanghi’s The Krishna Key quoted the verse various times. In Dan Brown’s Inferno, they call the verse, “I am Vishnu, the destroyer of worlds!” Amish Tripathi, in the Oath of the Vayuputras, Book 3 of the Shiva Trilogy, says, “As the Bhagavad Gita would say, Kartik had become Death, the destroyer of worlds.”

The movie Krrish 3 is releasing. The main antagonist, acted by Vivek Oberoi, is called ‘Kaal’, and the movie features a nuclear scientist importantly. Sounds familiar?

In the Vimanika comics Dashavtaar Part I, the first words said by Vishnu are, “I am Time.”

The literal translation is, “I am Time, the destroyer of worlds”, though Kaal is often called ‘death’.

So, this Bhagawad Gita verse is becoming popular in no time. I hope Vedic scriptures are quoted often like this!

The People Who Matter II: The Most Powerful People

Power is varied. To have power is one thing – the way the people like you using that power adds on to power and the list of the most powerful people changes day by day. And it has changed. With a new Pope and a new Chinese President, the table of power has changed. This time, at number ten we have:

10. David Cameron – Prime Minister – England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland – London, England – aged 46

9. Xi Jinping – General Secretary of Communist Party, President – People’s Republic of China – Beijing, China – aged 59

8. Mario Draghi – President – European Central Bank – Rome, Italy – aged 65

7. Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al Saud – King – Saudi Arabia – Riyadh, Saudi Arabia – aged 88

6. Ben Bernanke – Chairman – Federal Reserve of USA – Washington D.C., USA – aged 59

5. Pope Francis I – Pope – Roman Catholic Church – Vatican City, Vatican City State – aged 76

4. William Gates III – C0-chair – Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation – Medina, USA – aged 57

3. Vladimir Putin – President – Russian Federation – Moscow, Russia – aged 60

2. Angela Merkel – Chancellor – Germany – Berlin, Germany – aged 58

1. Barack Obama II – President – USA – Washington D.C., USA – aged 51


Children and trick-magicians happily chant ‘abracadabra’ for fun, thinking it is a funny word. Have you ever wondered where its origins are? Various scholars have different views. For those Harry Potter fans, the famous killing curse is Avada Kedavra. That curse comes from Avrahadavra, a Sumerian mystic chant saying – I destroy that demon in you, essentially used in the curing of diseases. And, as scholars suggest, Avrahadavra comes from Avrah KaDabra or Avra KaDavrai meaning ‘I create as I speak’, an Aramaic chant. (???? ?????)

Pashupatinath’s Legacy

In the archaeological site of Mohenjo Daro (‘city of the dead’), archaeologists found a seal with a carved image of a 3 or possibly 4-headed figure sitting in what was probably a yogic pose. He is among many animals, including a tiger, a bull and an elephant. This very seal is probably rooted in a Vedic legend that teaches a moral lesson. Before that, an introduction to Vedic mythology. Over 6000 years Before Christ, the first linguistic and cultural civilization ever, even before the start of the Egyptian civilization, had begun. Known today as the Indus Valley Civilization, it was located on the banks of two major rivers: the Indus, known to them as Sindu and the Gaggar-Hakkra River, known to them as the Saraswati. They started a civilization that was archaic yet possibly technologically advanced, thought as that due to the so-called Nectar of Immortality, Soma. Botanists, physicists and chemical-scientist teams are helping archaeologists to find the true Soma. It was about 1900 years Before Christ that another unknown civilization from Persia or Egypt, codenamed as the Aryans by some people, invaded the Indus Valley Civilization. With a more advanced weaponry, they won many battles and wars, including possibly the mythical Kurukshetra war that took place in a battle field known to the people of the ancient civilizations as Kurukshetra. The seal is thought to be that of some sort of deity, and, from the Vedic language of Sanskrit created by the Aryans, was named Pashupati or the Lord of the Beasts. His posture shows that in meditation, he is ignorant to the world and has renounced all worldly worries, desires and properties. He does not have anything to lose and thus; is never worried and doesn’t have battles to fight. He, being surrounded by wild beasts, is in a union with Prakriti or nature and has renounced the evil part of the soul, the human part of Purusha. He does not intend to tame the wild, the wild has untamed him, allowed him free of all worries. In his union with nature, his only weapon is the most powerful in the world, compassion. This makes him full of empathy and care; he does not simple feel sympathetic, he takes action and thus, is empathetic. He shows empathy, and still apathy to the material world of arrogance over material objects that aren’t eternal. I’m not saying we should renounce material things; I’m saying we shouldn’t indulge ourselves too much and control our emotions. This control of emotions will lead to patience and empathy, the desire to help others, not just selfish and self-centered. This will give us true happiness for this emotion will last forever in people; unlike money, which we can indulge ourselves in as long as we have control over it and save it, rather than unleashing it at once.

Respect for Life

In recent posts, I’ve told you why to respect animals. Now, let us go to easier parts of lives. How many times have you plucked a leaf for play or a flower for sacrifice without realizing their importance to the environment? Each flower has nectar for starving butterflies and other insects, each leaf is a living thing, each blade of grass, you should respect them all. Avoid stomping on grass, it kills the plant. And with animals, be alert to avoid accidental stamping of ants, don’t experiment on a butterfly’s wing, for each of us, in all our ways, can make this world a much better place to live in.

Heal The World

They Share Their World With Us

How many times have you killed a mosquito just because it flew past you? Why? If you think it’d bite you, then drop your fear, that cruel demon. Only females bite, and that’s only for their young. How would you feel if you were killed when getting food for your child, and then he/she would die of starvation? [Vegetarians, please ignore the sentence coming up] And for those who eat meat, if they drink your blood, don’t you drink that of an animal? And for vegetarians, don’t you eat plants? As I have told you before, go veg. Stop eating meat. Stop killing cockroaches and mosquitoes.

Remember, this is not our world. This is the world ruled by non – humans. And yet we kill them. People hunt for sport and for fur. Don’t wear leather, leather is dead skin. Don’t wear silk either. Wear cotton instead of silk, pleather (plastic fake leather), or canvas and cotton instead of leather.



The Sacred Sound

Most religions today have what is called a sacred sound: a word that created the universe. Hindus refer to this as Aum, and say it was a sound that echoed at the start of the universe. Christians call it Amen, which they use to personify glory in one word, and so on with many religions.

All of them share a similarity: the letters A and M are always present. By researching myths, the first proper religion in the world was the Ancient Egyptian Classical religion. And the most powerful god in the myths, was Amun.

Amun acts as the origin of all our most powerful gods (almost all). Take the Hindu Krishna. Dark skinned, but the skin was/is often represented as blue, check. Had three feathers on crown, check. Second major cult based on, check. (Vaishnavas were the second major cult in Hinduism, first being Shaivas, similar to Amun, with the Atum cult similar to Shiva) Amun also had a similar festival to the Jaganattha festival, with large chariots being drawn. In Puri, the idols are of Krishna, Balarama and Subadra, while in Egypt it was Amun, Mut and Khonsu. Amon was also similar to Zeus and the Judo – Christian God.


The Mango Tree

I’m here to revise you with the most important lesson in life: a lesson that you learnt while a toddler. Be kind always. A simple lesson, pushing through its way in our unorganized and bitter lives.

When you give something, expect nothing. When someone does you bad, do him good for that will stop any fight. Do not seek for vengeance: revenge is never sweet. If someone has wrong ways, gently correct him and tell him why it will affect the world politely. Help living beings in need, and be compassionate.

Take the example of the mango tree. Children pelt stones at it just to get the fruit. They harm its offspring, but in return, it gives juicy fruit. Indians refer to this as ‘Gandhi – Giri’ or the way of Gandhi.

A thing each one of us want is to be a leader. As a leader, you need these qualities:

Empathy – You should empathize with your teammates. You are not their boss. Allow their opinions, do not discourage them. If they are wrong, inform them gently. If they are sad, or angry, look from their point of view. Become good friends with them, share your life with them and they will share their sadness and joy.

Friendship – Have a strong bond of friendship with your teammates; teach them and learn from them. Crack jokes and make meetings enjoyable. Make sure they trust you, but you be wary.


All this is the path of a mango tree.


This is the first or second time I’m writing about this.

We all feel empathy to animals, for we empathize with them or judge from their point of view. Their fear, all their emotions running through are mind, we feel compassionate. I wanted to write this but I was very young then and didn’t know how to put it in words; but it all comes to this. I’m 10 and a half now, and I can spread a message I’ve been wanting to spread. This website was all about that.

Now, imagine you saw someone kicking a sweet little puppy on the street. Wouldn’t you intervene? Something much more atrocious happens with the meat in our plates. I’ve been vegetarian all my life, so I might not get this right. But my love for animals drives me to this.

I’ll tell you about some of the atrocities that goes into eating chickens.

  • Young chicks are taken away from their parents the moment they’re born
  • Their sensitive beaks are sawed off
  • They are crammed into cages
  • They are abused to lay eggs
  • They get sores
  • Their wings are cut off
  • They are then hung on a rope
  • They are gutted alive

They are beheaded

Think of this cruelty. Trust me.

For grounds for a slaughterhouse millions of trees are cut.

This causes global warming. Carbon is sent 100 times like oil spills and trucks.


So trust me. GO VEG.

Legends Unleashed: The Most Powerful Superhero In Comic Book History

This is the list of legends: the fictional characters who save the world; of these powerful legends, who will emerge supreme? Plunder to their world; enjoy your epic journey through action; to reach the ultimate legend!!!!!!!

1. Superman – Unleash the first superhero ever: an epic legend who also happens to be the most powerful superhero ever; following truth, duty and honor: with his moral laws and regulations; he fights with brute force: unleashing his savage awesome rage and power when absolutely necessary.

The People Who Matter: The World’s Most Powerful People of Forbes Magazine, 2011

Here it is folks, one of the most debated lists in the world: the world’s most powerful people today. Now you’ll know the truth: the most powerful people are revealed; it all comes to this.


10. David Cameron – Prime Minister of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales – Citizen of London, England (Capital City)

9. Mark Zuckerberg – CEO, Chairman, Co – Founder of Facebook Incorporated – Citizen of Palo Alto, United States of America

8. Ben Bernanke – Chairman, Federal Reserve United States – Citizen of Washington D.C, United States of America

7. Benedict XVI – Pope, Leader, Roman Catholic Church – Citizen of Vatican City, Vatican

6. Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz al Saud  – King, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques – Citizen of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

5. William Henry Gates III – Co – Founder, Chairman, Microsoft Corporation – Citizen of Medina, United States of America

4. Angela Dorothea Merkel – Chancellor of Germany, Chairwoman of Christian Democratic Union – Citizen of Berlin, Germany

Now, we see the three most powerful people today. All are part of a political world, and they are legends looking at their power.

3. Hu Jintao – President of the People’s Republic of China – Citizen of Beijing, People’s Republic of China

2. Vladimir Putin – Prime Minister of the Russian Federation


President of the United States of America (44th) from January 20th 2009, HE IS



A Champion’s Dictionary

Everyone in the world wants to be a champion. They want to win a Nobel Prize. They want to be remembered. But 80% of those people don’t see in what they want t0 become a champion. And, thus, don’t work towards it. Here are steps to be a champ.


Belief: You first have to believe that you can be a champ. Belief is a powerful figure, adding passion and energy. When you believe something is possible and believe you can do something, you will work towards doing it.

Passion: You must first set a goal you want to become a champ in. When you set a goal, you will know what to do. Goals add a sense of direction. And, you must be passionate about achieving your goal.

Strategy: You must have a strategy, a plan on how you must achieve your goal eg: by managing time. If you fail in achieving your goal, you must be prepared to change your strategy.

Motivation: You must be motivated by something or someone, be inspired to achieve your goal. But you must not want to be like the person you adore and are inspired by, you have to aim to be better.

Action: The most important part: you have to take action, you have to do what you have planned to achieve your goal.

Optimism: You must be optimistic both while working on achieving your goal and when you wait for your result.

Patience: You must be patient while acting and while waiting for your result: patience is the greatest virtue. But, if its your turn, you better go!

Being a good sport: True champions must be able to handle failure and change their strategy and take action.


The Tiger: The Solitary Murderer Of Stealth

The tiger is the third largest extant terrestrial carnivore after the polar bear and the brown bear, and the largest member of the genus Panthera and the entire cat family, weighing up to 306 kilograms (670 pounds) and measuring 3.3 meters (11 feet). The tiger has the largest canines of any extant known animal, at up to 2.93 inches, or even 3.64 inches. The tiger’s most notable identification feature is the orange – red fur and the chocolate brown or black vertical stripes on the top fur, with a pale or white bottom. The tiger has sharp claws that measure 1.96 to even 2.87 inches and can penetrate through 5 centimeters of fur, flesh, fat and muscle. The tigers hunting technique depends on the size of the animal. For animals like nilgai, sambhar and gaur, the tiger bites the neck and squeezes the wind pipe, resulting in asphyxia. For smaller animals, the tiger uses its paws and sharp claws to severe the jugular vein or crush the vertebrae to cut the spinal cord, instantly leading in death. The tiger eats large and medium sized animals, like gaur, sambhar, nilgai, water buffalo, blackbuck and antelope. The tiger also eats smaller animals like wild boar and other predators like leopards, hyenas, dholes, crocodiles and large snakes such as pythons, rat snakes, cobras and king cobras. The tiger also often preys on chital, barasingha and large spotted deer. The tiger occasionally preys on livestock such as cattle, domestic buffalo, pigs, sheep and goats. In some cases, tigers have been observed killing rhinos and even young elephants. Occasionally, tigers eat small prey such as porcupine, peafowl, egrets, cranes, snakes, mongooses etc. In Siberia, the main prey species includes wild boar, reindeer, manchurian wapiti, moose, roe deer, musk deer and sica deer, along with the occasional brown bear. In Sumatra, prey includes sambhar, muntjac, wild boar, Malayan tapir etc. In the now extinct Caspian tiger’s range, prey included camels, Caucasian winsent, yak and wild horses and asses. Some tigers, for refreshment, minerals and dietary fiber, eat some fruits, the fruit of the Slow Match Tree being preferred.

Save Our National Beasts

7 Billion. 7000000000. That’s the number of people on earth. That’s the number of Homo sapiens sapiens. Wise, wise man. And think about that compared to 1452. The number of tigers inIndia. Imagine one morning you get up and find out there are no more tigers inIndia. Isn’t it a pride, a great honour, for having such a powerful, majestic beast as our National Animal? But imagine if The tigers in our country are dead. If it were going normally, we wouldn’t need to worry. We wouldn’t need to worry if it weren’t for the people who illegally kill tigers for money. To satisfy their greed. Greed is the only cause, or at least the main cause, that tigers are declining such.


4 things you can do to help tigers


Donate to a wildlife organization, like WWF


Share with friends, stay in touch with people and explain, and write about it in a blog


Share awareness


Join organizations




You can also speak about it in stage when you get an opportunity.


Save Tigers

The Tiger Woods Story

Practicing for 16 hours a day. Is that impressive? It is, when you’re playing a challenging game like golf. Practice makes perfect, and that’s why Tiger Woods is the No. 1 player in golf today. In golf, you need to take perfect aim, concentrate, focus and hit with the right force, involving lot’s of focus, concentration, hard work, practice and strategy.

Trust me, he’s another person you should learn from.

Sachin: Human Or Superhuman

Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar. The master blaster. Scored a double – century. Got a 100 centuries. It would have taken amazing practice, superhuman effort and great stamina to be able to achieve such a feat. No cricketer (except maybe Donald Bradman or Vivian Richards) could have reached such a great level. Sachin had a goal at the age of 5. In his first match at the age of 16 he showed extraordinary talent. A 39 year old scoring a hundred centuries is a miracle. Sachin is a miracle. A person who has unleashed his true potential, failed and changed his strategy thousands of times to achieve his goals.

From an early age he practiced 14 to 15 hours a day and drenched in sweat, would literally drop down on the dinner table. He always retained the one rupee coin the coach would give to the person who made Sachin out. Sachin still treasures the 12 coins he has gained from not getting out.

And despite his achievements, he is calm, cool and humble. His personality, fair play and yet reaching the number one spot ever has made him a truly amazing person. I want all of us to learn from his good deeds.

Know Your Goal

In this post, I’m telling you about an important thing in life. Living in a material world has made us forget what our life is about, and why do you have to face such tough challenges in life. Life is completely pointless if you haven’t decided your goal in life. What good will come of you if you’re not happy with your job or work only to earn money? It is important for you to unleash your true potential, there is no point having a trillion neurons each more powerful than the most powerful supercomputer if you don’t use them, and create more neuro connections for doing what you love in life. Goals have extreme power and add passion and energy to your life. Goals help you take away stress and allow you to enjoy your life a million times more.

In the year 1953, scientists from the Yale University did a study: They asked a hundred people what was their goal. Of the hundred, only 3 people had a goal. Later, they asked the 97 people how much money they earned, and their total money was 1 million dollars. They then asked the 3 people, and each of the three had 3 million dollars, making a total of nine times as much as the 97 people without goals.


In the world, there are many great people: Bill Gates, Sachin Tendulkar, Steven Spielberg etc. All of them had their goal at an early age, Bill Gates wanted to build a software in which almost all computers would use in the age of 13, Sachin had set his goal to become a great cricket player from the age of 5 and so on.

Almost all people who have succeeded in life succeeded because of passion, energy and enthusiasm, all because of them having set a goal. Even animals often set  goals:

Big cats, when hunting, always chose a certain Wildebeest as prey, and even when other wildebeest come closer, they don’t give up on their goal.

Don’t change your goal: changing your goal in the middle of life can be disastrous, even when you fail, change your strategy of going towards your goal and continue your journey. Your journey can be rough and full of challenges, but even then use your strategy and find your way through. Trust me, you’ll reach your goal.

Mythology & Animal Bad Relation; Hindu, Greek Mythology

I have an interesting opinion about mythology. An important fact that increased slaughter of animals in the ancient world was mythology. Here are examples on slaughter of animals in mythology:


The story of Dushyant involves the savage slaughter of animals, from carcasses of tigers, lion, bears and wounded elephants with wounds that spout blood and worse. Dushyant loved hunting and slaughtered cruelly many animals and shot birds showing no compassion.


An important example is the story of the Khandava Forest destruction. The story goes like this:

The Kauravas divided the kingdom and gave the Pandavas the Khandava Prastha. In the Khandava Prastha was the Khandava Forest. Arjuna the Pandava and Krishna, king of Dwaraka wanted to destroy the forest. They asked for the help of Agni who gave them weapons and told them he also wanted to burn the Khandava Forest but Indra was always stopping him. Therefore, in a terrible fight, Krishna and Arjuna defeated the Devas and Krishna ordered Arjuna to kill all escaping animals cruelly, so that no one would challenge the riht to the place which was stupid as animals are 5 sensed.

Another story in Greek Mythology is the story of Orion.

Orion was a great hunter, who slayed animals brutally and cruelly for no apparent reason, worse than Dushyant, Krishna and Arjuna. He was so cruel that he once threatened to slay all life in the world. That was when Gaia, the earth goddess (one of the only omnibenevolent  gods in mythology, besides Pashupatinath, Prajapati and a few others) protested and sent a giant scorpion to kill him.  Now’s the good news: the scorpion succeeded.

Excited for Croc Bank

I’m very excited about a 5 day continuous Madras Crocodile Bank Trust camp I’m going tomorrow. I’m going with my best friend R Adithya. It is held by Gerard Martin, a herpetologist. Since both me and R Adithya love all forms of zoology and cryptozoology, we’re going to have a lot of fun. We already went for a 2 day camp there and we loved it. We would go on a walk looking for snakes every morning, see the enrichment, which is an exercise for captive animals when they get food and therefore maintaining their health. There are two kinds of enrichment, good enrichment, which does not involve irritation to the animal but exercise and training and giving of food thus maintaining good health and bad enrichment which involves irritation to the animal and sometimes even abuse. We will be allowed to watch a female American Alligator (Alligator mississipiensis) named Allie who is inside the ‘No Entry Zone’ so that visitors do not irritate her. We will see the feeding of Jaws III, the largest Indian captive crocodile. He is a Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) and measures 14 ft long and weighs about 850 kilograms.

This is going to be an enjoyable camp!

Top Most Powerful Legendary Creatures

1.) Agrius – A powerful oceanic creature that even the gods fear is Agrius. Agrius is a son of Gaia and Tartarus more powerful than Typhon and the Titans. This beast was the beast that created all creatures that roam the universe. The Big Bang Explosion was caused when it clashed with Typhon in a ferocious battle.

2.) Typhon was a large humanoid creature that defeated even Zeus in battle. It was made of pure rage and managed to defeat all the Olympians except Athena. It was later sent to Tartarus by the bolt of Zeus.

The 2 Most Powerful Pokemon

1.) Arceus – The creator of the pokemon word, Arceus has a strong set of moves like Judgement, Seismic Toss and by move tutor even Draco Meteor. An event Arceus even had the moves Roar of Time, Spacial Rend and Shadow Force. With the special ability multitype, Arceus can change type.

2.) Victini – The pokemon Victini has an unlimited supply of energy. It protects the Dragon Force, the force that sustains life on earth. Victini has the ability to grant victory to whoever uses it. It learns the powerful fire type moves V-Create, the most powerful non sacrificial move and Searing Shot.

The Ultimate Success Formula

In the SKST Camp, we learnt something called ‘The Ultimate Success Formula’, what many great people used. It goes like this:

Goals: You must have 1 goal no matter what happens. People will discourage you, but you must not give up the goal. Easier goals will come in the journey to get your goal, but you must not give up the 1 single goal of your life. So, decide now and don’t change it.

Strategy: You may have a goal, but you will not be able achieve it unless you have a strategy. If you fail (Get the feedback you didn’t want), you must change your strategy (I’ll explain it later in this post)

Action: Even if you have a good goal and a good strategy, what use will they be if you don’t take the action? And anyway, don’t delay taking action as is the success principle: “Do it now, Do it right, Do it fast”

Result: You know what is your result and you will definitely get it. If your result is = your goal, then success, but if not, there are 3 ways in which people react with failure:

1.) They give up, treat it as a failure and give excuses, blames and complaints.

2.) They continue doing it, and say it’s a PROBLEM, because they TRY and DON’T KNOW what to do (don’t use those words which are capital, TRY, PROBLEM and I DONT KNOW, since they effect your brain)

3.) They say “There are no failures, only feedback” and change their strategy, take action and get result


So, use the Ultimate Success Formula and if you don’t get the right result, deal with it in the 3rd way and BE A CHAMPION!

The Rabbit & The Tortoise

This is a common story known by most of us, The Rabbit & The Tortoise. Anyway, let me tell you it:

Once upon a time a tortoise and a hare had an argument about who is faster. They decided to settle the argument with a race. They agreed on a route and started off the race. The hare ran fast for some time. Then seeing that he was far ahead of the tortoise, he thought he’d sit under a tree for some time and relax before continuing the race. He sat under the tree and soon fell asleep. The tortoise plodding on overtook him and soon finished the race, emerging as the undisputed champ. The hare woke up and realised that he’d lost the race.


But, the moral was stupid: Slow & Steady Wins the Race


Maybe if you’re steady, but the person who made the moral might have had it in his mind that if you’re steady you’re slow: BUT THAT IS NOT RIGHT.

Being steady is good (Not changing your goal if an easier thing comes by), but you CAN be fast even if you’re steady. And also, the morals are these:

Fast & Steady Wins The Race

The Greatest Failure (Worst Feedback) In Life Is Not Participating 100%

Do it now, Do it right, Do it fast

The Success Principles

In the Only Success camp, we learnt 13 success principles. Those are:

1.) If I can’t, then I must

2.) Choices Have Consequences

3.) Learning Is Fun & Exciting

4.) Anything is Possible, It’s the Question of Right Strategy

5.) Do It Now, Do It Right, Do It Fast

6.) Play To Win, Not To Lose

7.) All Of Us Have The Same Neurology, If it is Possible For Others It’s Possible For Me

8.) There are No Failures Only Feedback

9.) The Greatest Failure (Worst Feedback) In Life Is Not Participating 100%

10.) For Things To Change, I Must Change First

11.) Once You Have A Target Do Whatever It Takes Till The Time Is Legal, Moral & Ethical

12.) Take Responsibility, No Blames, No Excuses, No Complaining

13.) Past is Not = Future

Only Success Program, Leadership Academy and A-Coaching experience

This year May, I went to the 4 day Only Success camp. The company, Only Success is run by Vidyashankar and my uncle, Praveen, is a director. I have been close to OS for a long time, and I was waiting for it. The camp was awesome & we learnt a lot of things including success principles etc. After I finished the camp, there were follow ups (They still go on) called Leadership Academy. Even the teachings their are cool. One day, there was this examination for the selection of Assistant Coaches for another Superbkids and Superbteens camp. I got selected. Being an A Coach was awesome. Me and my friend Mirthyun were the A Coaches of the youngest team, Knights. It was an amazing leadership experience for me.


Tarbosaurus is a large, powerful dinosaur in the order Therepoda, closely related to Tyrannosaurus Rex. Tarbosaurus is slightly longer with a stronger bite force and can be considered more powerful. They hunt in packs and eat animals like Nemegtosaurus and Therizinosaurus. They are one of the most powerful animals. Saurolophus is also on the menu. Tarbosaurus was an apex predator at the top of the food chain. It lived about 75 million years BC in Mongolia and China, probably even going to India.

The King of Beasts: Crouched in Grass

 The Retreat –

Creeping down, paws not making any sound, deeply camouflaged, she walked, slowly. Her tail went up. She raised her head, her ears flattened. Her powerful jaws opened. She hissed. The lioness slowly walked towards the waterhole. Her sharp eyes looked front, straight, not at the water, when she as drinking. Her eyes were fixed, looking straight. Cold bits of fear made her spine shiver. The sun shined bright. A large bull elephant came. She had to retreat from the Goliath. The gargantuan beast showed his trunk near her. She retreated, climbing up a tree, waiting for her chance of drinking water.

The lesson of cubs: Most Lethal

 She waited for 2 hours. At last, she and her cubs drank. Then the mother crept down. She walked slowly. Her tail went down and whiskers up. Her cubs copied her. Her sharp eyes were fixed on a chosen target: a gravy’s zebra. She went carefully, positioning herself on the right side of the back of the zebra. She pounced. Her claws unsheathed. The cubs helped her. She used all her might and wrestled the zebra to the ground. She held tight, till the zebra went on to paralysis. She bit the zebra on the back of the neck, squeezing his wind pipe, stopping his oxygen supply to the brain. The zebra died of high levels of asphyxia.


Meet with king

She began eating with her cubs. Her sharp back teeth ripped deeply through the flesh in the gentils, the softest part. A big male lion arrived. He was big. His mane was gold, chocolate brown and black. His eyes flashed brightly. His powerful body and stock forelimbs normally meant a meal for him. But this female was not ready to give it. She hissed. Both waited. They both wanted the other one to strike first. Then at last, the male was hungry and swiped the female’s face hard with his paw. She growled, and striked him back. Both began a ferocious fight. At last, the male retreated. This was a deadly experience for her.

World’s Most Deadly and Powerful Creatures

Danger and power do differ but, some animals can be both deadly and powerful. And of them, all of them are deadly and powerful. This list does count deaths but also many other things such as fighting skills, attack, colour, lethality, shape, danger, size and diet. According to these, the Nature Freaks has ranked the worlds most aggressive creature. We also rank by points given out of 100. We give points for all the ranks and extra bonus for animals who attack on ambush. Now, Let’s begin.

Note: Do avoid these creatures, and they attack only when threatened, so do not harm them, either flee, or ask for help. The animals listed as E on the last are endangered. These are all non-human animals. And actually, humans are the most dangerous animals. All of them are not extinct. They live now and have been encountered by humans.

1.) Honey Badger- This is not a creature to avoid or harm. I wont say it’s all that friendly, but, this skunk like creature can be playful. But, be cautious, for it can use its claws to rip even metal to shreds. It’s powerful jaws can do more then just nibble, it can take a bite too much. It is immune to venom and can take down snakes, cheetahs, leopards and even lions!



2.)Komodo Dragon- This creature is more than capable of ripping you to shreds. His powerful jaws with razor sharp serrated teeth, saliva with lethal bacteria and venom glands, his bite is worse than most animals.




Blue Whale

The blue whale (Baleonoptera Musculus) is one of the most fascinating and powerful creatures ever. Reaching weights of 176.9876890322 tonnes and being 103.790865677 feet in length, the blue whale is probably the largest animal ever, bigger than even dinosaurs. But recently, a group of paleontologists and paleoanatomists have found a dinosaur who rivaled the blue whale in size. Named Brthkayasaurus or Bruhathkayasaurus (Misspelled Sanskrit brht, meaning heavy/heaviest and misspelled Greek soros, ‘lizard like reptile’. Pronounced Brihath-kaya-sorus), s/he weighed 174.6890763345643300 tonnes. The giant fish Leedsichthys also could have been that size. But, all these animals are considered to be smaller than the blue whale. The blue whale could swim at 26.8544 mph. His/her tail is the most powerful weapon. They have been known to kill orcas (killer whales). For more information visit Wikipedia.A large adult blue whale in the Pacific Ocean

The African Elephant

The African Elephant is the largest living land mammal. Weighing up to 8 tonnes and 13 feet tall, each tusk itself measures 7 feet long! The largest elephant was weighing 11 tonnes and stood 14.5 feet tall with each tusk measuring 10.4 feet long! They are capable of killing a 530 pound lion in one swipe of it’s trunk and can kill even a Predator X with one stab of his tusk on to the Predator X’s throat. The elephant is capable of killing Mammoths, Indrocotherium, etc. with his tusk’s. The African Elephant, though, is not immune to venom and can be killed by a black mamba but an elephant himself can also kill a black mamba.
For more information visit Wikipedia.An African bush elephant male in Namibia

Most Powerful Animal Facts

This list is a list of the most powerful animals which are non human so please do not comment me to include humans. This posts comments should be, preferably about adding things to this post. Thank You;
Now let us meet the deadliest;

1.) Hainosaurus=The largest and the most powerful of all Mosasaurs, Hainosaurus was a close relative of Tylosaurus featured in Top 10 Deadliest Predators to Prey Ever. More information can be found on this video. Go to this site and search Sea Monsters 7- Mosasaurs. They moved in groups to protect their young and had venom, bacteria, tar etc. to make matters worse. Females were larger and more aggressive than the males. They preyed on Dolichorincops , Elasmosaurus , sharks, turtles, fish, jellyfish, squid and even other Hainosaurus and other Mosasaurs.

The Five Most Dangerous Prehistoric Predators To Prey Ever

1:) Giganotodon Prajii/Tejasii – Imagine a combination of Megaladon and Gastonia, along with the sound beams of a Sperm Whale and the 600 volt electricity of an electric eel on the hunt. A super predator on the hunt. The second largest shark which can be 11 meters long and weigh 45 tons and some rare specimens can be 59 tons and 18 meters long. Having a bite force of 19.6 metric tonnes per square inch, the most powerful carnivore has the most powerful bite force ever known. There have been only to very incomplete specimens found. It lived in the Cretaceous Sea, 65 million years ago. It fed on squid, fish, other sharks and small short necked Plesiosaurs. Some of them also fed on large long necked Plesiosaurs, Hesperornis, Halisaurus and Ornithomimids which came to drink.

2:) Tylosaurus – The largest known Giant Mosasaur ever was the second deadliest killer on earth. No non human animal other than other Tylosaurus can defeat this creature. Main enemy: Its own kind. It fed on other Tylosaurus, other Mosasaurs and any prey it could find. It was pure carnivore and attacked anything which attacked its family. It lived in huge groups from 12 to 150 members. When they bit, they injected venomous bacteria and tar into their prey killing it very fast. Even the giant turtle Archelon and venomous jellyfish were on the menu. It could weigh 34.1346 tonnes and be 49.48796 feet in length. Even Hainosaurus could not defeat this creature.

3:) Megaladon – The largest shark ever, this 75 tonne, 70 foot long behemoth, having a bite force of 18.2 metric tonnes per square inch, this super predator which lived in the early Pliocene ate the largest of sperm whales! This is truly a t rex’s worst nightmare which came true in it’s future.

4:) Predator X – A 45 tonne killer, who is 15 meters long has a bite force 4 times that of a T. Rex!
It is claimed by researchers to be the most fearsome animal to swim the oceans. A program called predator x aired on History Channel. Go to and search predator x history channel.

5:) Liopleurodon – Being 10 to 18 meters long and weighing 19 to 35 tonnes this huge and ferocious killer is a true nightmare.


Reuse/Refuse and Recycle – Plastics everywhere – they go into the ocean and kill animals, they burn a bigger whole in the ozone layer – can we please reuse plastic bags? Can we please take cloth bags to Big Bazaar and Nilgiris?
Garbage disposal – Can we please start an initiative to segregate waste to bio-degradable and non biodegradable.
Flowers belong to the plants – do we have to pluck them to beautify the homes?
Can we walk short distances, cycle more – its healthier and better for the world – we’d kick the carbon.
Please switch off lights and fans when not using
Can we decide to plant more trees?

The top cause of Global warming is killing animals. They cause more carbon emissions on Earth than a hundred carbon producing trucks. So can we stop killing animals?
Together, can we pledge today, to make those small changes so jains is one of the greenest apartments around – and this small change from the 120 of us would make the earth greener and cooler.

Together shall we make the change? Because global warming is not cool.

Thank you


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In this generation, we have owed to protect Earth. Yet, we have not fulfilled this oath. God loves all of his creations and does not like them to be destroyed. Even people who respect God have killed many of His creations. We have plucked flowers, cut trees and stepped on grass. We have hunted animals and fished fish. We abuse Mother Nature.

We must all remember we can not live without any force of Nature. We have poisoned the ocean and use a lot of carbon. We are the main causers of Global Warming. We have to stop doing the abuse we have done to Mother Nature. We have eaten many animals and killed them for fur, leather, flesh, cosmetics and oil. We have even hunted them for sport. We stamp grass for no reason. We must all remember we are a part of Mother Nature. What has Nature done to us? It is your choice. If you love Nature stop abusing Mother Nature.


Samanyu is a boy who beats me everyday. I do not do anything to him but he considers me as stupid, an idiot and a fool. I don’t like him but I don’t show it to him and he thinks I like him and bullies me. He also kills animals and plucks flowers and leaves. But he is not always like that and sometimes is friendly. But, one has to be careful when near him.


By Dr. Abdul Kalam
> I remember my dad teaching me the power of language at a
> very young
> age. Not only did my dad understand that specific words
> affect our
> mental pictures, but he understood words are a powerful
> programming
> factor in lifelong success.
> One particularly interesting event occurred when I was
> eight. As a
> kid, I was always climbing trees, poles, and literally
> hanging around
> upside down from the rafters of our lake house. So, it came
> to no
> surprise for my dad to find me at the top of a 30-foot tree
> swinging
> back and forth. My little eight-year-old brain didn’t
> realize the tree
> could break or I could get hurt. I just thought it was fun
> to be up so
> high.
> My older cousin was also in the same tree. He was hanging
> on the first
> big limb, about ten feet below me. My Aunt also noticed us
> at the
> exact time my dad did. About that time a huge gust of wind
> came over
> the tree. I could hear the leaves start to rattle and the
> tree begin
> to sway. I remember my dad’s voice over the wind yell, ”
> Hold on
> tightly.” So I did. The next thing I know, I heard my
> cousin screaming
> at the top of his lungs, laying flat on the ground. He had
> fallen out
> of the tree.
> I scampered down the tree to safety. My dad later told me
> why he fell
> and I did not. Apparently, when my aunt felt the gust of
> wind, she
> yelled out, “Sonny, don’t fall!” And my cousin did fall.
> My dad then explained to me that the mind has a very
> difficult time
> processing a negative image. In fact, people who rely on
> internal
> pictures cannot see a negative at all. In order for my
> cousin to
> process the command of not falling, his nine-year-old brain
> had to
> first imagine falling, then try to tell the brain not to do
> what it
> just imagined. Whereas, my eight-year-old brain instantly
> had an
> internal image of me hanging on tightly.
> This concept is especially useful when you are attempting
> to break a
> habit or set a goal. You can’t visualize not doing
> something. The only
> way to properly visualize not doing something is to
> actually find a
> word for what you want to do and visualize that. For
> example, when I
> was thirteen years old, I played for my junior high school
> football
> team. I tried so hard to be good, but I just couldn’t get
> it together
> at that age. I remember hearing the words run through my
> head as I was
> running out for a pass, “Don’t drop it!” Naturally, I
> dropped the
> ball.
> My coaches were not skilled enough to teach us proper
> “self-talk.”
> They just thought some kids could catch and others
> couldn’t. I’ll
> never make it pro, but I’m now a pretty good Sunday
> afternoon football
> player, because all my internal dialogue is positive and
> encourages me
> to win. I wish my dad had coached me playing football
> instead of just
> climbing trees. I might have had a longer football career.
> Here is a very easy demonstration to teach your kids and
> your friends
> the power of a toxic vocabulary. Ask them to hold a pen or
> pencil.
> Hand it to them. Now, follow my instructions carefully. Say
> to them,
> “Okay, try to drop the pencil.” Observe what they do.
> Most people release their hands and watch the pencil hit
> the floor.
> You respond, “You weren’t paying attention. I said TRY to
> drop the
> pencil. Now please do it again.” Most people then pick up
> the pencil
> and pretend to be in excruciating pain while their hand
> tries but
> fails to drop the pencil.
> The point is made.
> If you tell your brain you will “give it a try,” you are
> actually
> telling your brain to fail. I have a “no try” rule in my
> house and
> with everyone I interact with. Either people will do it or
> they won’t.
> Either they will be at the party or they won’t. I’m brutal
> when people
> attempt to lie to me by using the word try. Do they think I
> don’t know
> they are really telegraphing to the world they have no
> intention of
> doing it but they want me to give them brownie points for
> pretended
> effort? You will never hear the words “I’ll try” come out
> of my mouth
> unless I’m teaching this concept in a seminar.
> If you “try” and do something, your unconscious mind has
> permission
> not to succeed. If I truly can’t make a decision I will
> tell the
> truth. “Sorry John. I’m not sure if I will be at your party
> or not.
> I’ve got an outstanding commitment. If that falls through,
> I will be
> here. Otherwise, I will not. Thanks for the invite.”
> People respect honesty. So remove the word “try” from your
> vocabulary.
> My dad also told me that psychologists claim it takes
> seventeen
> positive statements to offset one negative statement. I
> have no idea
> if it is true, but the logic holds true. It might take up
> to seventeen
> compliments to offset the emotional damage of one harsh
> criticism.
> These are concepts that are especially useful when raising
> children.
> Ask yourself how many compliments you give yourself daily
> versus how
> many criticisms. Heck, I know you are talking to yourself
> all day
> long. We all have internal voices that give us direction.
> So, are you giving yourself the 17:1 ratio or are you
> shortchanging
> yourself with toxic self-talk like, ” I’m fat. Nobody will
> like me.
> I’ll try this diet. I’m not good enough. I’m so stupid. I’m
> broke,
> etc. etc.”


In Greek mythology, Zeus (pronounced /?zju?s/) () is the king of the gods, the ruler of Mount Olympus and the god of the sky and thunder. His symbols are the thunderbolt, eagle, bull, and oak. In addition to his Indo-European inheritance, the classical “cloud-gatherer” also derives certain iconographic traits from the cultures of the ancient Near East, such as the scepter. Zeus is frequently depicted by Greek artists in one of two poses: standing, striding forward, with a thunderbolt leveled in his raised right hand, or seated in majesty.

Zeus was the child of Cronus and Rhea, and the youngest of his siblings. In most traditions he was married to Hera, although, at the oracle of Dodona, his consort was Dione: according to the Iliad, he is the father of Aphrodite by Dione. He is known for his erotic escapades. These resulted in many godly and heroic offspring, including Athena, Apollo and Artemis, Hermes, Persephone (by Demeter), Dionysus, Perseus, Heracles, Helen, Minos, and the Muses (by Mnemosyne); by Hera, he is usually said to have fathered Ares, Hebe and Hephaestus.[2]

In Greek, the god’s name is ???? Zeús /zdeús/ (Modern Greek /’zefs/) in the nominative case and ???? Diós in the genitive case. His Roman counterpart was Jupiter and his Etruscan counterpart Tinia. In Hindu mythology his counterpart was Indra with ever common weapon as thunderbolt, which he could hold like a staff.



Cult of Zeus

Panhellenic cults of Zeus

The major center where all Greeks converged to pay honor to their chief god was Olympia. Their quadrennial festival featured the famous Games. There was also an altar to Zeus made not of stone, but of ash, from the accumulated remains of many centuries’ worth of animals sacrificed there. Outside of the major inter-polis sanctuaries, there were no modes of worshipping Zeus precisely shared across the Greek world. Most of the titles listed below, for instance, could be found at any number of Greek temples from Asia Minor to Sicily. Certain modes of ritual were held in common as well: sacrificing a white animal over a raised altar, for instance.

Colossal seated Marnas from Gaza portrayed in the style of Zeus. Marnas[3] was the chief divinity of Gaza. Roman period Istanbul Archaeology Museum)


Zeus, poetically referred to by the vocative Zeu pater (“O, father Zeus”), is a continuation of *Di??us, the Proto-Indo-European god of the daytime sky, also called *Dyeus ph2t?r (“Sky Father”).[4] The god is known under this name in Sanskrit (cf. Dyaus/Dyaus Pita), Latin (cf. Jupiter, from Iuppiter, deriving from the PIE vocative *dyeu-ph2t?r[5]), deriving from the basic form *dyeu– (“to shine”, and in its many derivatives, “sky, heaven, god”).[4] And in Germanic and Norse mythology (cf. *T?waz > OHG Ziu, ON Týr), together with Latin deus, d?vus and Dis(a variation of d?ves[6]), from the related noun *deiwos.[6] To the Greeks and Romans, the god of the sky was also the supreme god, whereas this function was filled out by Odin among the Germanic tribes. Accordingly, they did not identify Zeus/Jupiter with either Tyr or Odin, but with Thor (Þórr). Zeus is the only deity in the Olympic pantheon whose name has such a transparent Indo-European etymology.[7]

Role and epithets

Zeus played a dominant role, presiding over the Greek Olympian pantheon. He fathered many of the heroes and was featured in many of their local cults. Though the Homeric “cloud collector” was the god of the sky and thunder like his Near-Eastern counterparts, he was also the supreme cultural artifact; in some senses, he was the embodiment of Greek religious beliefs and the archetypal Greek deity.

Aside from local epithets that simply designated the deity to doing something random at some particular place, the epithets or titles applied to Zeus emphasized different aspects of his wide-ranging authority:

  • Zeus Olympios emphasized Zeus’s kingship over both the gods in addition to his specific presence at the Panhellenic festival at Olympia.
  • A related title was Zeus Panhellenios (‘Zeus of all the Hellenes’), to whom Aeacus‘ famous temple on Aegina was dedicated.
  • As Zeus Xenios, Zeus was the patron of hospitality and guests, ready to avenge any wrong done to a stranger.
  • As Zeus Horkios, he was the keeper of oaths. Exposed liars were made to dedicate a statue to Zeus, often at the sanctuary of Olympia.
  • As Zeus Agoraeus, Zeus watched over business at the agora and punished dishonest traders.
  • As Zeus Aegiduchos or Aegiochos he was the bearer of the Aegis with which he strikes terror into the impious and his enemies.[8][9][10] Others derive this epithet from ??? (“goat”) and ??? and take it as an allusion to the legend of Zeus’ suckling at the breast of Amalthea.[11][12]
  • As Zeus Meilichios, “Easy-to-be-entreated”, he subsumed an archaic chthonic daimon propitiated in Athens, Meilichios.
  • As Zeus Tallaios, or “Solar Zeus”, he was worshiped in Crete.

Roman marble colossal head of Zeus, 2nd century AD (British Museum)[13]

Some local Zeus-cults

In addition to the Panhellenic titles and conceptions listed above, local cults maintained their own idiosyncratic ideas about the king of gods and men. With the epithet Zeus Aetnaeus he was worshiped on Mount Aetna, where there was a statue of him, and a local festival called the Aetnaea in his honor.[14] Other examples are listed below.

Cretan Zeus

With one exception, Greeks were unanimous in recognizing the birthplace of Zeus as Crete. Minoan culture contributed many essentials of ancient Greek religion: “by a hundred channels the old civilization emptied itself into the new”, Will Durant observed,[16] and Cretan Zeus retained his youthful Minoan features. The local child of the Great Mother, “a small and inferior deity who took the roles of son and consort”,[17] whose Minoan name the Greeks Hellenized as Velchanos, was in time assumed as an epithet by Zeus, as transpired at many other sites, and he came to be venerated in Crete as Zeus Velchanos, the “boy-Zeus”, often simply the Kouros.

In Crete, Zeus was worshipped at a number of caves at Knossos, Ida and Palaikastro. In the Hellenistic period a small sanctuary dedicated to Zeus Velchanos was founded at the Aghia Triada site of a long-ruined Minoan palace. Broadly contemporary coins from Phaistos show the form under which he was worshiped: a youth sits among the branches of a tree, with a cockerel on his knees.[18] On other Cretan coins Velchanos is represented as an eagle and in association with a goddess celebrating a mystic marriage.[19] Inscriptions at Gortyn and Lyttos record a Velchania festival, showing that Velchanios was still widely venerated in Hellenistic Crete.[20]

The stories of Minos and Epimenides suggest that these caves were once used for incubatory divination by kings and priests. The dramatic setting of Plato‘s Laws is along the pilgrimage-route to one such site, emphasizing archaic Cretan knowledge. On Crete, Zeus was represented in art as a long-haired youth rather than a mature adult, and hymned as ho megas kouros “the great youth”. Ivory statuettes of the “Divine Boy” were unearthed near the Labyrinth at Knossos]] by Sir Arthur Evans.[21] With the Kouretes, a band of ecstatic armed dancers, he presided over the rigorous military-athletic training and secret rites of the Cretan paideia.

The myth of the death of Cretan Zeus, localised in numerous mountain sites though only mentioned in a comparatively late source, Callimachus,[22] together with the assertion of Antoninus Liberalis that a fire shone forth annually from the birth-cave the infant shared with a mythic swarm of bees, suggests that Velchanos had been an annual vegetative spirit.[23] The Hellenistic writer Euhemerus apparently proposed a theory that Zeus had actually been a great king of Crete and that posthumously his glory had slowly turned him into a deity. The works of Euhemerus himself have not survived, but Christian patristic writers took up the suggestion with enthusiasm.

Zeus Lykaios in Arcadia

The epithet Lykaios (“wolf-Zeus”) is assumed by Zeus only in connection with the archaic festival of the Lykaia on the slopes of Mount Lykaion (“Wolf Mountain”), the tallest peak in rustic Arcadia; Zeus had only a formal connection[24] with the rituals and myths of this primitive rite of passage with an ancient threat of cannibalism and the possibility of a werewolf transformation for the ephebes who were the participants.[25] Near the ancient ash-heap where the sacrifices took place[26] was a forbidden precinct in which, allegedly, no shadows were ever cast.[27] According to Plato (Republic 565d-e), a particular clan would gather on the mountain to make a sacrifice every nine years to Zeus Lykaios, and a single morsel of human entrails would be intermingled with the animal’s. Whoever ate the human flesh was said to turn into a wolf, and could only regain human form if he did not eat again of human flesh until the next nine-year cycle had ended. There were games associated with the Lykaia, removed in the fourth century to the first urbanization of Arcadia, Megalopolis; there the major temple was dedicated to Zeus Lykaios.

Apollo, too had an archaic wolf-form, Apollo Lycaeus, worshipped in Athens at the Lykeion, or Lyceum, which was made memorable as the site where Aristotle walked and taught.

Subterranean Zeus

Although etymology indicates that Zeus was originally a sky god, many Greek cities honored a local Zeus who lived underground. Athenians and Sicilians honored Zeus Meilichios (“kindly” or “honeyed”) while other cities had Zeus Chthonios (“earthy”), Katachthonios (“under-the-earth”) and Plousios (“wealth-bringing”). These deities might be represented as snakes or in human form in visual art, or, for emphasis as both together in one image. They also received offerings of black animal victims sacrificed into sunken pits, as did chthonic deities like Persephone and Demeter, and also the heroes at their tombs. Olympian gods, by contrast, usually received white victims sacrificed upon raised altars.

In some cases, cities were not entirely sure whether the daimon to whom they sacrificed was a hero or an underground Zeus. Thus the shrine at Lebadaea in Boeotia might belong to the hero Trophonius or to Zeus Trephonius (“the nurturing”), depending on whether you believe Pausanias, or Strabo. The hero Amphiaraus was honored as Zeus Amphiaraus at Oropus outside of Thebes, and the Spartans even had a shrine to Zeus Agamemnon.

Oracles of Zeus

Although most oracle sites were usually dedicated to Apollo, the heroes, or various goddesses like Themis, a few oracular sites were dedicated to Zeus.

The Oracle at Dodona

The cult of Zeus at Dodona in Epirus, where there is evidence of religious activity from the second millennium BC onward, centered on a sacred oak. When the Odyssey was composed (circa 750 BC), divination was done there by barefoot priests called Selloi, who lay on the ground and observed the rustling of the leaves and branches (Odyssey 14.326-7). By the time Herodotus wrote about Dodona, female priestesses called peleiades (“doves”) had replaced the male priests.

Zeus’ consort at Dodona was not Hera, but the goddess Dione — whose name is a feminine form of “Zeus”. Her status as a titaness suggests to some that she may have been a more powerful pre-Hellenic deity, and perhaps the original occupant of the oracle.

Roman cast terracotta of ram-horned Jupiter Ammon, 1st century AD (Museo Barracco, Rome

The Oracle at Siwa

The oracle of Ammon at the oasis of Siwa in the Western Desert of Egypt did not lie within the bounds of the Greek world before Alexander‘s day, but it already loomed large in the Greek mind during the archaic era: Herodotus mentions consultations with Zeus Ammon in his account of the Persian War. Zeus Ammon was especially favored at Sparta, where a temple to him existed by the time of the Peloponnesian War[28]

After Alexander made a trek into the desert to consult the oracle at Siwa, the figure arose of a Libyan Sibyl.

Zeus and foreign gods

Zeus was equivalent to the Roman god Jupiter and associated in the syncretic classical imagination (see interpretatio graeca) with various other deities, such as the Egyptian Ammon and the Etruscan Tinia. He (along with Dionysus) absorbed the role of the chief Phrygian god Sabazios in the syncretic deity known in Rome as Sabazius.

Zeus in myth

The Chariot of Zeus, from an 1879 Stories from the Greek Tragedians by Alfred Church


Cronus sired several children by Rhea: Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon, but swallowed them all as soon as they were born, since he had learned from Gaia and Uranus that he was destined to be overcome by his own son as he had overthrown his own father— an oracle that Zeus was to hear and avert. But when Zeus was about to be born, Rhea sought Gaia to devise a plan to save him, so that Cronus would get his retribution for his acts against Uranus and his own children. Rhea gave birth to Zeus in Crete, handing Cronus a rock wrapped in swaddling clothes, which he promptly swallowed.


Rhea hid Zeus in a cave on Mount Ida in Crete. According to varying versions of the story:

  1. He was then raised by Gaia.
  2. He was raised by a goat named Amalthea, while a company of Kouretes— soldiers, or smaller gods— danced, shouted and clashed their spears against their shields so that Cronus would not hear the baby’s cry. (See cornucopia.)
  3. He was raised by a nymph named Adamanthea. Since Cronus ruled over the Earth, the heavens and the sea, she hid him by dangling him on a rope from a tree so he was suspended between earth, sea and sky and thus, invisible to his father.
  4. He was raised by a nymph named Cynosura. In gratitude, Zeus placed her among the stars.
  5. He was raised by Melissa, who nursed him with goat‘s-milk and honey.
  6. He was raised by a shepherd family under the promise that their sheep would be saved from wolves.

Laurel-wreathed head of Zeus on a gold stater, Lampsacus, c 360-340 BC (Cabinet des Médailles)

Zeus becomes king of the gods

After reaching manhood, Zeus forced Cronus to disgorge first the stone (which was set down at Pytho under the glens of Parnassus to be a sign to mortal men, the Omphalos) then his siblings in reverse order of swallowing. In some versions, Metis gave Cronus an emetic to force him to disgorge the babies, or Zeus cut Cronus’ stomach open. Then Zeus released the brothers of Cronus, the Gigantes, the Hecatonchires and the Cyclopes, from their dungeon in Tartarus, killing their guard, Campe. As a token of their appreciation, the Cyclopes gave him thunder and the thunderbolt, or lightning, which had previously been hidden by Gaia. Together, Zeus and his brothers and sisters, along with the Gigantes, Hecatonchires and Cyclopes overthrew Cronus and the other Titans, in the combat called the Titanomachy. The defeated Titans were then cast into a shadowy underworld region known as Tartarus. Atlas, one of the titans that fought against Zeus, was punished by having to hold up the sky.

After the battle with the Titans, Zeus shared the world with his elder brothers, Poseidon and Hades, by drawing lots: Zeus got the sky and air, Poseidon the waters, and Hades the world of the dead (the underworld). The ancient Earth, Gaia, could not be claimed; she was left to all three, each according to their capabilities, which explains why Poseidon was the “earth-shaker” (the god of earthquakes) and Hades claimed the humans that died. (See also: Penthus)

Gaia resented the way Zeus had treated the Titans, because they were her children. Soon after taking the throne as king of the gods, Zeus had to fight some of Gaia’s other children, the monsters Typhon and Echidna. He vanquished Typhon and trapped him under a mountain, but left Echidna and her children alive.

Zeus and Hera

Zeus was brother and consort of Hera. By Hera, Zeus sired Ares, Hebe and Hephaestus, though some accounts say that Hera produced these offspring alone. Some also include Eileithyia and Eris as their daughters. The conquests of Zeus among nymphs and the mythic mortal progenitors of Hellenic dynasties are famous. Olympian mythography even credits him with unions with Leto, Demeter, Dione and Maia. Among mortals were Semele, Io, Europa and Leda. (For more details, see below).

Many myths render Hera as jealous of his amorous conquests and a consistent enemy of Zeus’ mistresses and their children by him. For a time, a nymph named Echo had the job of distracting Hera from his affairs by incessantly talking: when Hera discovered the deception, she cursed Echo to repeat the words of others.

Hera is also represented as having despised Ganymede, a Trojan boy whom he brought into Olympus to be cup-bearer to the gods as well as his lover.

Source: Wikipedia, The free Encyclopedia (



The daughter of Leto and Zeus, and the twin of Apollo. Artemis is the goddess of the wilderness, the hunt and wild animals, and fertility (she became a goddess of fertility and childbirth mainly in cities). She was often depicted with the crescent of the moon above her forehead and was sometimes identified with Selene (goddess of the moon). Artemis was one of the Olympians and a virgin goddess. Her main vocation was to roam mountain forests and uncultivated land with her nymphs in attendance hunting for lions, panthers, hinds and stags. Contradictory to the later, she helped in protecting and seeing to their well-being, also their safety and reproduction. She was armed with a bow and arrows which were made by Hephaestus and the Cyclopes.

In one legend, Artemis was born one day before her brother Apollo. Her mother gave birth to her on the island of Ortygia, then, almost immediately after her birth, she helped her mother to cross the straits over to Delos, where she then delivered Apollo. This was the beginning of her role as guardian of young children and patron of women in childbirth. Being a goddess of contradictions, she was the protectress of women in labor, but it was said that the arrows of Artemis brought them sudden death while giving birth. As was her brother, Apollo, Artemis was a divinity of healing, but also brought and spread diseases such as leprosy, rabies and even gout.

Being associated with chastity, Artemis at an early age (in one legend she was three years old) asked her father, the great god Zeus, to grant her eternal virginity. Also, all her companions were virgins. Artemis was very protective of her purity, and gave grave punishment to any man who attempted to dishonor her in any form. Actaeon, while out hunting, accidentally came upon Artemis and her nymphs, who bathing naked in a secluded pool. Seeing them in all their naked beauty, the stunned Actaeon stopped and gazed at them, but when Artemis saw him ogling them, she transformed him into a stag. Then, incensed with disgust, she set his own hounds upon him. They chased and killed what they thought was another stag, but it was their master. As with Orion, a giant and a great hunter, there are several legends which tell of his death, one involving Artemis. It is said that he tried to rape the virgin goddess, so killed him with her bow and arrows. Another says she conjured up a scorpion which killed Orion and his dog. Orion became a constellation in the night sky, and his dog became Sirius, the dog star. Yet another version says it was the scorpion which stung him and was transformed into the constellation with Orion, the later being Scorpio. Artemis was enraged when one of her nymphs, Callisto, allowed Zeus to seduce her, but the great god approached her in one of his guises; he came in the form of Artemis. The young nymph was unwittingly tricked, and she gave birth to Arcas, the ancestor of the Arcadians, but Artemis showed no mercy and changed her into a bear. She then shot and killed her. As Orion, she was sent up to the heavens, and became the constellation of the Great Bear (which is also known as the Plough).

Artemis was very possessive. She would show her wrath on anyone who disobeyed her wishes, especially against her sacred animals. Even the great hero Agamemnon came upon the wrath of Artemis, when he killed a stag in her sacred grove. His punishment came when his ships were becalmed, while he made his way to besiege Troy. With no winds to sail his ships he was told by the seer Calchas that the only way Artemis would bring back the winds was for him to sacrifice his daughter Iphigenia. Some versions say he did sacrifice Iphigenia, others that Artemis exchanged a deer in her place, and took Iphigenia to the land of the Tauri (the Crimea) as a priestess, to prepare strangers for sacrifice to Artemis.

Artemis with her twin brother, Apollo, put to death the children of Niobe. The reason being that Niobe, a mere mortal, had boasted to Leto, the mother of the divine twins, that she had bore more children, which must make her superior to Leto. Apollo being outraged at such an insult on his mother, informed Artemis. The twin gods hunted them down and shot them with their bows and arrows; Apollo killed the male children and Artemis the girls.

Artemis was worshiped in most Greek cities but only as a secondary deity. However, to the Greeks in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey) she was a prominent deity. In Ephesus, a principal city of Asia Minor, a great temple was built in her honor, which became one of the “Seven Wonders of the Ancient World”. But at Ephesus she was worshiped mainly as a fertility goddess, and was identified with Cybele the mother goddess of eastern lands. The cult statues of the Ephesian Artemis differ greatly from those of mainland Greece, whereas she is depicted as a huntress with her bow and arrows. Those found at Ephesus show her in the eastern style, standing erect with numerous nodes on her chest. There have been many theories as to what they represent. Some say they are breasts, others that they are bulls testes which were sacrificed to her. Which is the true interpretation remains uncertain, but each represent fertility.

There were festivals in honor of Artemis, such as the Brauronia, which was held in Brauron; and the festival of Artemis Orthia, held at Sparta, when young Spartan boys would try to steal cheeses from the altar. As they tried they would be whipped, the meaning of Orthia and the nature of the ritual whipping has been lost and there is no logical explanation or translation. Among the epithets given to Artemis are: Potnia Theron (mistress of wild animals) this title was mentioned by the great poet Homer; Kourotrophos (nurse of youth’s); Locheia (helper in childbirth); Agrotera (huntress); and Cynthia (taken from her birthplace on Mount Cynthus on Delos). When young girls reached puberty they were initiated into her cult, but when they decided to marry, which Artemis was not against, they were asked to lay in front of the altar all the paraphernalia of their virginity, toys, dolls and locks of their hair, they then left the domain of the virgin goddess.



Saltwater Crocodile Vs Hippo: Unless the croc was particularly large and intelligent the hippo would win, it is larger and more aggressive than a saltwater crocodile and can kill one in a single bite.

Saltwater Crocodile Vs Great White Shark: In deep water the shark would normally win as it is a far better swimmer but in shallower water the croc would win being stronger and having a more powerful bite.

Saltwater Crocodile Vs Orca: An orca would easily kill a saltwater croc, it would normally weigh between 3 and 6 times as much and have a massively deadly bite.

Orca Vs Hippo: Again the orca’s sheer size would allow it to win nearly every time.

Orca Vs Great White Shark: Same as above.

Hippo Vs Great White Shark: Much like with the croc, the hippo’s bite is that deadly it would allow it to usually win.

Hippo Vs Rhino: On land the rhino would win due to it’s greater maneuverability but in water the hippo would win as rhino’s are not much experienced in water.

Saltwater Croc Vs Komodo Dragon: The croc would win, no contest. It is on average 8 times heavier than a large komodo and much better armed.


This list includes both animals and plants.

1.) South China Tiger- These tigers have less than 20 in number. Probably extinct in the wild.

2.) Hainan Black Crested Gibbon- There are only 20 hainan black crested gibbons on this planet. Highly endangered species.

3.) Eastern Black Crested Gibbon- With only 50 in number or might be even less.

4.) Iberian Lynx- The IUCN has listed the Iberian lynx as critically endangered. This cat once roamed all over Spain and Portugal, but is now only found in only in mountainous regions. There are hardly a hundred individuals left in the wild.

5.) Asiatic Lion- With only less than 150 Asiatic lions on the planet, it is found in the smallest part of the Ghir Forest regions in India.

6.) Georgia Aster- This highly endangered flowering plant has only 100 on the planet. It is extremely rare and its flower is beautiful. It is highly vulnerable to climate change, global warming and disease.

7.) Siberian Tiger- This tiger is the 2nd largest big cat. It is only 200 in number.

8.) Gharial- Also called the gavial or the Indian gavial or Indian gharial this species is critically endangered.

9.) Giant Panda- This creature once roamed almost all the forests of China. Now it has been hunted so much and has become critically endangered.

10.) Javan Rhinoceros- The most endangered rhinoceros has only 250 in number.


Every Diwali, we burst lots of firecrackers. These firecrackers emit lots of carbon. It leaves a hole in the ozone layer, and makes the Earth warmer. This is called Global Warming. This destroys many plants and animals (including humans) and makes the Earth a bad place to live in. I am not asking you to stop bursting firecrackers though I do not, but can I ask you to reduce a little bit? In the place of 10 firecrackers can you burst 8? If you do it you can make the world a much quieter and cleaner place to live in.

Worlds Deadliest Animals. Ever.

After seeing a video of worlds deadliest animals of National Geographic Channel I decided to create my own list of the deadliest animals. But this one is kind of different to the one on Nat Geo. It has only ten of the deadliest animals and it’s not place by place, it’s worlds deadliest animals in the world. Check out my new list of the world’s deadliest animals. This list does not count deaths.

10.) Black widow- Very dangerous and highly poisonous, black widows are very dangerous. They have very deadly fangs. Black widows are famous for their strong webs.

9.) Brazilian wandering spider-The most toxic venomous spider on this planet. It injects lot of venom when it bites. It’s bite is very deadly and can kill human.

8.) The Sumatran tiger-These creatures attack only when provoked. Their main weapon is there jaws and teeth. Neck bites could be fatal.

7.) The Siberian tiger-Siberian tigers are the second largest cats (after the liger). They can kill a human in just one pounce. They can easily kill a reindeer with just a bite.

6.) The African elephant-These creatures can get very bad tempered and can go mad. Their main weapons are their trunk and tusks. They also will trample.

5.) The stingray-If they just pierce your heart with their poisonous tails, it will be your fate.

4.) The green anaconda-Their main weapon is their body. They could squeeze you to death. Each time you take a breath the anaconda crushes harder.

3.) Polar bear-These creatures may look cuddly at the zoo, but in the wild they eat elephant seals for breakfast, ringed seals for lunch and whales for dinner. Get between one and it’s cub and it would kill you with just one bite.


2.) Hippopotamus-These giants will kill any living being that moves.

1.) Rhinoceros-These animals will charge at anything that moves and could easily kill you with just one pierce with it’s horn.

Note: These animals do not attack except when hurt by you. Even if one of these attacks you do not kill, wound or scare them. This note comes even for all animals. If one of these attacks you just flee by running away.


Once a man named Nigel Marvin was studying about the megaladon and the great white shark. He was in the beach. He wanted to dive in the sea with his deep sea diving suit. But he couldn’t because there were pirates in those seas. Then the pirates appeared, but they didn’t notice Nigel Marvin. Then suddenly out of the sea a mouth of a giant shark just swallowed the pirate ship along with the pirates. That shark was a megaladon. The megaladon then started eating other ships along with the people. Nigel Marvin then went into the water with his deep sea diving suit. He swam till he found the same megaladon who ate the pirate ship. When he was in the water he found a megaladon, basilosaurus and a liopleurodon fighting. The megaladon bit the liopleurodon’s fin but the liopleurodon bit the megaladon back. A blue whale arrived next, swimming very fast. The blue whale took a leap out of the water like a dolphin and came back inside. The blue whale hit the basilosaurus, liopleurodon and the megaladon with his (the blue whale’s) tail. Then an asteroid almost hit the earth, when the sea god appeared. The sea god made the asteroid a block of ice and the ice fell on the ocean. But then something bad happened. Because the meteor turned into a block of ice million and trillion and zillions of meteors hit the earth almost destroying the planet. The ozone layer got destroyed. Because of the ozone layer getting destroyed the suns harmful rays melted the poles. The lord of ice made the poles come back by magic. But still more global warming was starting. Then all the good people including Nigel Marvin were taking steps to stop global warming. Then by mankind’s technology, in the future they put a ban on using things that put out CO2 and CO. After that they made new things with power that were the same things that emitted CO2 and CO where now not emitting them. And then after 23 years the ozone layers holes got repaired and global warming stopped. And then after 47 years all of nature became safe and people stopped hunting, fishing, cutting trees or hurting any living being.


AHIMSA (non violence)

SATHYA (truth)

ASTEYA (never steal)


My friend Aakash had come to my house for a sleepover that day. We had a lot of fun together. When he spent the last day we went to oxford bookstore and read so many books and every time I go to oxford bookstore I read one special same book as I did this time. We had two choclate truffles and two lemonades,read a book about german shepards as Aakash wanted to buy a german shepard.


That day I had went to oxford bookstore with my cousin,Ananya and we read so many books that we couldn’t choose which book we wanted to buy! I read one book and wanted to buy that but I changed and bought what I wanted and I also got a secret book and I write my nature freaks secrets on it.


Global warming is a fact and now its time to act. In each and every minute a rain forest gets destroyed because of humans. Humans cause so many greenhouse gases and make the world bad. The ice sheets of the North and South Poles are melting,threatening and killing many species of animals. For making a little change eat and buy products by local produce. Don’t waste water. Plant more trees. Please on 19th august alone don’t use any gadget or watch television or computer and from 7:00 pm to 8:00 pm alone of all your lights and fans.


I was giving my friend nature freaks homework who is in the junior freaks. Oh nonstop playing Roger Federer vs. Andy Roddick. My giving of homework is nonstop I can’t but I must give homework. I am eager to watch the tennis match. Wow! Its nonstop! Federer is winning. Oh sorry Roddick’s winning! Oh no Federer’s winning. Oh can’t see who would win even in endings of the match. I can’t believe it it’s the best tennis match ever! Wow! It’s awesome! Finished giving homework. Watching eagerly. Don’t no who would ever win. Guests come to my house to watch the match. Ah! Federer and Roddick are in equal position. Oh who would ever win. I don’t know. Aw so awesome. Unbeatable players playing in one match. Federer would be best tennis player ever if he wins this match! Go Federer! Federer won it! Bring it on!


Before Sanjana’s birthday I had gone to crocodile bank and I played with a rock python for a very long time and I even saw the largest crocodile whose name was Jaws III and he is a saltwater crocodile and the moment you see him you will agree he is well named. We even saw a King Cobra and an Indian Cobra and the thickest and longest snake in the planet:the reticulated python. I go to croc bank every Saturday or Sunday.


Yesterday I went to my friend Sanjana’s birthday party. My best lifelong friend Prajay had also come and me and Prajay played for a really long time. We were even doing a skit together in her birthday about conserving animals. After that I ate chips and sauce,a pizza and a samosa. It was so awesome. I enjoyed a lot. Prajay danced and I talked about saving animals. I just loved the party.


My new team named nature freaks is helping out almost every living creature. We can cure fear of any animal like dogs,snakes,crocs,gators,komodos,all kinds of bears,sting and manta rays and even some of the Big Cats. We also help all plants and animals saving them from the only species that is cruel in this planet:”Humans”.


You should sell vegetarian food for the poor as free because poor people will not have money for other foods

and so they eat turtle meat and eggs of turtles which may make turtles highly endangered. So you have 2

choices:ban reptile & amphibian meat or let this go on.


That night my friend adithya came for a sleepover. Both of us were talking about how all living beings have been made by the same god and I told him not to hurt any living being. I told him about the diffrence between hunters and poachers that is:Poachers do hunting in an illegal way but hunters do not.


Last week I went to Ooty and had a treck. The first trek was with my mother alone. In that we climbed a hill up and down three times. The next day we had another trek in which we went deep in a jungle and I enjoyed. I saw so many ferns and I had fresh fruits that the people had told that there were not poisonous. I washed my face in a fresh and clean stream and I felt so fresh because of it.


Last night I went swimming with my cousin ananya & my mother and we enjoyed a lot. I loved that experience. It was refreshing and amazing. I was there till about 7.55. It was the first time I ever went for swimming for such a long time. You can learn the facts of swimming@—7-Facts-About-Swimming-That-You-May-Not-Know&id=1042665


If you eat chicken stop it.As far as chickens go, there are a lot of horrendous things that go on behind closed doors…be it keeping them in tiny quarters packed together, or sawing off their beaks, just the atrocities that happen.People should be aware of it at least, and know how cute those little chicks could be.And also tell others this.Just pass it on.These little chicks are just so cudly and nice, so why would you treat them so bad.And do you no how illtreated hens are to lay eggs for humans to eat.Humans put lots of abuse to sweet and cudly chicks.Its simple.I am a vegan, so I dont eat them.


Use renewable energy instead of burning fossil fuels for power, we should develop and use renewable sources of energy, such as solar and wind power, that contribute much less greenhouse gas than fossil fuels.We need to start this work now, as new and clean renewable energies will take time to develop.We must take action to protect our precious, carbon trapping forests.Without the natural balance that trees will provide, our efforts to reduce the carbon dioxide we release will be wasted.Reducing our greenhouse gas emissions will help protect threatened plants and animals, but we must also manage the damage that has already been done.The battle against climate change begins at home.We all need to do our part to save energy, recycle waste, and be aware of our carbon footprints on the world.One day, hydrogen fuel that does not release any greenhouse gas may power our travel.Until then, we must develop cleaner, more efficient vehicles and fuels, and above all, use them.


I saw the Barack Obama speech yesterday at youtube. It was a very long speech.I liked his words a lot.The speech was nice.My favourite part of the speech was “We gather here because we choose hope over fear”.I like Barack Obama because of this.He did very well.That is very good about him.He is my hero.He is my best hero.He is also my inspiration because Martin Luther King Jr’s dream has come true.He is the only one who could make it.He was once a poor African and now is the president of USA.That’s why he is my best hero.


This morning I went to the beach and we went to the end and collected shells and bought conches and spent the whole time in the beach.Then we went to a hotel and had great dishes.My uncle had come to Chennai from dubai and he had got me a big water gun for my birthday since he was not there and we played with it and after that I started eating lunch and then started my blog.

The Moth

Today morning I was sitting in the computer when my  mother called me and when I came I saw a baby moth which was resting in the wall.It was beautiful.We were silently watching it with joy.

So you also have to enjoy many small things in life like just having a soup in a street shop.


Once all my friends and their mothers and me and my mother played in the swimming pool and we splashed water on each other and enjoyed.

Siddharth and me had not yet learned swimming and so all my friends wore a float.

Whenever me and Siddharth play in the rain or swimming pool, after we play he will come to my house, we will either eat spaghetti or we will eat potato, bread chunks.

We are the best friends for life, and right now he is in my house and is watching me blog.


Please dont hurt any living being.

Please dont use plastic as it is poisonous & can hurt nature.

Show the world that you are graceful and teach them things.

Don’t use leather because it is from animal skins.

Walk or cycle short distances.

Dont waste water.

We become hungry and weak if we dont eat, in the same way animals and plants will die.

Don’t kill plants then we can’t breathe.

Hurting, teasing or killing any creature is no good.

Don’t do it.

We all are creation of the same God.

Other creatures live the same life of us.


I once played in the rain and it was great.

We enjoyed and I played with my mother and friends.

My whole family including me went to a jungle in Mysore and saw so many birds and animals and tiger footprints all over.

Once my mother,grandfather,grandmother and I went to the beach for onlysuccess beach walk for poor and it rained heavily,I lead the team with all my might with a cap and glass which were together and we enjoyed.


The earth was for a long time very peaceful.

Once a man named Lliknature was a very evil man who wants to destroy nature and make no living being to live and then to rule the great earth.

He once went up to the ozone layer and destroyed it.

But the two great heroes C.Nature Jain.m and C.Nature Jain.g went up and for years stood their as if they were the ozone layer.

Then Lliknature came and put the sun much closer to earth.

His weapons would produce an infinite amount of carbon which he did.

He put his weapon power all over the earth.

The earth was full of danger.

The heroes did everything in every second.

Then Lliknature put a high speed blast full of carbon and fire to burn the earth.

Then the heroes called ice man who made the fire into hot water.

Then ice man put ice on Lliknature himself as Lliknature died a bad death.


Please save animals because animals are becoming endangered.

Don’t use leather because they are from animal skins.

That is one thing that animals are becoming endangered.

The second thing is that people throw plastics in the sea and ocean etc. .

Don’t use plastics because they are poisonous and can hurt animals.

If people throw paint and oil in the water then also sea creatures will die.

Dont put gas balloons up in the air at the beach, when the gas goes off the balloon will fall into the sea then the sea creatures might try to eat it and then they will die.